Recent Submissions

  • Cilia, diseases, and organelle assembly - Leeuwenhoek’s ‘little legs’ in the spotlight

    Brown, Jason; Biology Department and ThermoFisher Scientific (2023-02-17)
    Cilia are hair-like structures extending from many cell types including single-celled organisms and cells throughout the human body. Multiple human diseases, the ciliopathies, are caused by defective cilia. In recent decades, much underlying ultrastructural and biochemical complexity of these important organelles has been discovered, but many questions remain unanswered. Dr. Brown will discuss cilia assembly, the ciliopathies, and the work he and his students have been doing to understand the mechanism of cilia gene regulation.
  • Reconstructing Environments of the Past: In what conditions did our ancestors survive and thrive?

    Beck, Catherine; Geological Sciences Department and the Charles Albert Read Trust (2023-02-16)
    From the earliest primates to modern humans, our history as a species has been characterized by environmental change and variability. Through studying the geological record we can reconstruct the past environments associated with fossil primates and hominins. This allows us to build and test hypotheses about how climatic and tectonic processes shaped the eastern African ecosystems in which our species evolved and ultimately migrated from to colonize the globe.
  • What is the role of citrullination in ALS?

    Camille, Webb; Biology Department and ThermoFisher Scientific (2023-02-17)
    Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating neurodegenerative disease. Degeneration of motor neurons occurs because of toxic protein aggregation. Protein Citrullination (PC) is altered dynamically in the spinal cord during disease progression and accumulates in protein aggregates. This presentation aims to discuss what is currently known and uncover novel proteins that are citrullinated in ALS.
  • A Voice in the Wilderness: A Pioneering Biologist Explains How Evolution Can Help Us Solve our Biggest Problems.

    Graves, Joseph L.; Biology Department and the College of Arts and Sciences (2023-02-15)
    Evolutionary science has long been regarded as conservative, a tool for enforcing regressive ideas, particularly about race and gender. But in A Voice in the Wilderness, evolutionary biologist Joseph L. Graves Jr.—once styled as the “Black Darwin”—argues that his field is essential to social justice. He shows, for example, why biological races do not exist. He dismantles recent work in “human biodiversity” seeking genes to explain the achievements of different ethnic groups. He decimates homophobia, sexism, and classism as well.
  • Penguins, Past and Present

    Ksepka, Daniel; Biology Department and the College of Arts and Sciences (2023-02-16)
    Penguins evolved more than 60 million years ago. The rich fossil record of these birds has revealed unexpected forms such as giant (300lb+) penguins, spear-billed penguins, and penguins with red and grey feathers. These fossils provide a window into how penguins lost flight and adapted to changing environmental conditions such as drifting continents, reorganization of Southern Ocean currents, and the onset of glacial-interglacial cycles. Increasingly, scientists are combining fossil data with observations from living penguins to gain a synthetic understanding of penguin evolution. Just this year, the complete genomes of all living penguins were sequenced, providing once unimaginable insight into species boundaries, aquatic adaptations to everything from vision to metabolism, and even population expansions and crashes during the last Ice Age.
  • Life in an ancient undersea forest: the secrets of a marine ecosystem powered by wood.

    Distel, Dan; Chemistry and Physics Department and the Charles Albert Read Trust (2023-02-15)
    Sometime in the late Pleistocene, sea level rose and buried a coastal bald cypress forest beneath the sea floor. The trees and wood were preserved under the sediment for the next 60,000 years until recently exposed by hurricane waves. Once uncovered the ancient wood formed the foundation of one of the most unique marine environments ever discovered. The site now hosts a diverse marine community, fueled by wood, and dominated by wood-eating bivalves and other wood-associated marine invertebrates. I will discuss the diversity of organisms that thrive in this environment and the special role played by wood-eating bivalves (shipworms) and the cellulolytic bacteria that enable their unusual woody diet.
  • Evolution In The Anthropocene:  How will life's capacity to adapt to global change reshape the world of our children?

    Kaufman, Les; Salem State Scuba Club and the Charles Albert Read Trust (2023-02-13)
    Life is being challenged as never before by humanity's rapid and profound reorganization of Earth's ecosystem.  This talk features stories of shock and hope that bear on life's capacity to restore, while we are still on this planet, what our species has thrown into chaos. Dr. Kaufman studies the creation, maintenance, and destruction of biological diversity, and humanity's shifting role in the biosphere that supports us.
  • Impacts of Climate Change. They have only just begun.

    Young, Stephen; Geography and Sustainability Department, the Salem State University Earth Days Planning Committee and the Charles Albert Read Trust (2023-02-14)
    Each year we are seeing more and more impacts from climate change. Dr. Young’s presentation will explain why we are seeing these impacts and what we can expect in the future. Dr. Young will also discuss his recent research about climate change in New England and will end the talk highlighting climate change education and activities by Salem State University students.
  • From so simple a beginning: the Darwin Festival at 44

    Case, Susan; Biology Department and the Charles Albert Read Trust (2023-02-13)
    “From so simple a beginning…” traces the origin and development of Salem State’s Darwin Festival over 44 years, by examining the role of mentors, networking, technology and unexpected contingencies, both in Darwin’s life and in the Festival.
  • Overstimulation After a Traumatic Brain Injury: How Exercises and Music have Proven to be an Effective Tool

    Lafontant, Abigael; Noah, Amanda (12/12/2022)
    The purpose of this case study was to analyze a participant who was evaluated over a 12-week period in an exercise environment dealing with overstimulation after suffering a Traumatic Brain Injury. This project was intended to learn what triggers the participant, develop strategies to reduce distractions, and observe how exercise and music can be effective tools while exercising. A behavioral log was created in order to monitor the participant's behavior twice a week for 12 weeks while observing his environment when exercising with music versus without music. In the course of his exercise program, music therapy proved effective in reducing overstimulation triggered by loud noises.
  • Transition to Electronic Requisition and Vacancy Report

    Navarro, Daniela; Noah, Amanda (12/12/2022)
    The goal of my project was to create a more efficient way of creating a notification of vacancy report. Prior to this project, notification vacancy reports were being completed manually and sent via email to the Human Resource manager and recruiter for review. This project will eliminate the need for making a job requisition manually. Through the applicant tracking system “iSolved Hire,” the hiring managers will be able to create their own job requisition when a job becomes vacant. Notification of vacancy was a process that was time consuming, the new system will be more efficient and effective and take about three to five minutes to complete. The recruiters will be notified immediately after the requisition is attained.
  • Supportive Living Inc. : Creating and Implementing Dynamic Stretching Plan for Individuals with Limited Range of Motion

    Tramondozzi, Jill; Hatch-Belhumeur, Cynthia (12/12/2022)
    The purpose of this project was to track and record the progress of dynamic exercises and the impact they had on individuals’ exercise plans who have limited range of motion. All participants had preexisting goals of improving mobility in their lower body and strengthening weaker areas in their bodies, which overall helped them with their daily living activities. The exercise plans for each participant were constructed by professionals in the field of exercise science using evidence-based approaches that focused on the lower body, upper body, core strengthening, and full body. Implementing these dynamic exercise plans to increase mobility and strengthen weaker areas over five weeks also resulted in increasing muscle preparedness before exercising and increasing independence and confidence within the individuals.
  • Substance Abuse Stigma: Identifying and Eliminating Barriers in Recovery

    Sayers, Brittany; Panzer, Robin (12/12/2022)
    Recovery Centers of America in Danvers is an alcohol and drug rehabilitation center that offers different levels of care and treatment to those with a substance abuse disorder. Stigma surrounding substance abuse presents barriers to individuals seeking treatment and individuals in different stages of recovery. The purpose of this internship was to identify how patients perceived and experienced stigma. A group was run regarding stigma and at the end participants were asked to complete two surveys. Analysis was conducted on the information recorded, and the findings were presented to the clinical team on Unit 1. Clinicians reported that a deeper understanding of how stigma is perceived and experienced by their patients will allow them to better care for and support them in their recovery.
  • Pet Obesity: Challenges and Solutions

    Stentiford, Kelsey; Everitt, Amy (12/12/2022)
    This undergraduate internship project was designed to communicate to pet owners the health and welfare implications of pet obesity and to provide information on how to achieve weight loss. Being overweight and obese contributes to a variety of disease processes and negatively affects the quality of life in pets. A survey was created and distributed to determine how owners view their pet's weight whether it is obese, overweight, normal weight, or underweight. The results revealed that the pet owners see their pets as a normal weight until they examine the Body Conditioning Score chart where they gain a better perspective of their pets' weight.
  • Improving Hiring Practices: The Implementation of a Phone Screening Program

    Feliz, Karol; DeLeon, Patrice (12/12/2022)
    The Northeast Arc is a nonprofit organization with a goal to help individuals with disabilities reach their full potential. The agency aims to integrate these individuals into the community through engagement in school, work, and social events. The objective of this senior internship was to hire the right candidates to better serve this population. The talent acquisition team in human resources was asked to post three open positions for skills trainers in three different areas of Massachusetts. The candidates that applied were evaluated during the phone screening program and then forwarded onto the hiring manager for a formal interview. The program was proven to be successful, the positions were filled and removed from the applications managing system.
  • Effectiveness of Treatment Methodology for Patients with Substance Abuse Disorders: Improving Patient Experiences in Inpatient Detox

    Williams, Layla; Sweeney, Michele (12/12/2022)
    It is important that the treatment methodology of addiction centers is measured to ensure patients are receiving the best care of treatment. Recovery Centers of America (RCA) is an addiction center based in Danvers Massachusetts. RCA’s mission is to save one million lives from the disease of addiction. RCA has a host of programs and professional staff to aid in recovery. Through evidence-based treatment and a holistic approach, RCA is able to deliver the most appropriate form of treatment to each patient. The purpose of this internship was to collect patient feedback on the effectiveness of treatment while in detox. Patients were given a Likert Scale and an open-ended questionnaire. Three themes emerged from patients' qualitative and quanitative responses.
  • Resource Guide for Community Health Workers: Patient-centered Care Promotion

    Gamez, Heydi; Everitt, Amy (12/12/2022)
    This study was designed to develop a well-organized resource guide in Microsoft Teams for North Shore Physicians Group community health workers (CHWs). The resource guide was designed to aid community health workers with day-to-day tasks by reducing time researching resources in databases. The goal was to promote more efficient patient-centered care. Seven CHWs and 30 patients were recruited to participate during the community van peak hours. Results indicated that resources for transportation and housing assistance were the most common requests. The outcome of the project was a successful resource for community health workers which met their need for a comprehensive and organized tool that allows them to use their time more efficiently to better serve their patients.
  • LifeConnectionsUsa: New Hire Orientation Outcomes

    Lenise, Nina; Shilo, Amanda (12/12/2022)
    The purpose of this project was to gauge how employees felt on the effectiveness of their New Hire Orientation. By utilizing a survey, I was able to get the input of 30 employees who underwent two different lengths of orientation. 20 employees took part in a four-day orientation, and 10 employees were part of the two-week orientation. Both groups of employees agreed that additional employee training had an impact on employee retention and that a longer more in-depth orientation was more beneficial for employee readiness.
  • Enhancing the Quality of Life for Those who Survive a Brain Injury

    Ojuade, Oreofe; Shilo, Amanda (12/12/2022)
    The project intends to build a program to ensure that patients with brain injuries receive high-quality rehabilitation services to minimize brain-related impairments and death. It also aims to mitigate the negative effects of brain damage by assisting patients in taking the required steps. To achieve this, the project will bring together brain injury survivors and healthcare professionals to come up with the most optimum measures for curbing brain injury disorders.
  • Improving Patient Satisfaction Using a Survey

    Geray, Aden; Shilo, Amanda (12/12/2022)
    The goal of the undergraduate internship project was to enhance patient satisfaction using a survey. The dental team aims to improve patient relationships, ensure that every patient receives excellent care and service, and establish effective communication. Through the survey, we were able to measure the quality of care and consider our patients' feedback.

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