• State Normal School. Salem, Mass.

      Geo. H. Walker & Co. (1884-01-01)
      Horace Mann believed that the American public school system needed serious attention in order to function well. One of the biggest problems Mann observed with the public schools was that the teachers were often no more educated than their pupils. And so the Salem Normal School was born, a place to teach young women how to teach. The school opened in 1854. Demand for teachers increased nationwide and demand for admission to the Salem Normal School increased as a result. The campus, in addition to the student body, began to expand. In 1898, the school became coeducational, but it wasn’t until the creation of a commercial program in 1908 that male enrollment started to spike. By 1921 the school had switched from a two year college to a four year college, and just eleven years later the name was changed from the Salem Normal School to Salem Teachers College. New programs were added, new buildings were constructed, and finally it became a residential school, with the first residence halls opening in 1966. It was renamed again in 1968, this time to Salem State College. As nursing and business administration programs were added, new property was purchased, and the college expanded to include four campuses. In 2010 the school was renamed once more, earning the title of Salem State University.
    • Kernwood. Residence of S. E. Peabody, Salem, Mass.

      Geo. H. Walker & Co. (1884-01-01)
      Samuel Endicott Peabody, of the famous Peabody family, and distantly related to the philanthropist George Peabody, spent one year at Harvard before realizing that a college course and all that it promised was not the life for him. Samuel embarked on a voyage at sea in one of his father’s ships and upon returning he joined with Francis Curtis to form Curtis & Peabody. This business continued for many years, and found success in the China and India trade. Peabody married and had five children. In 1871 he moved his family to England where he became a partner in J.S. Morgan & Company, a business founded by George Peabody. After eight years in England, he brought his family back to the States, buying his father’s old estate, Kernwood, in Salem. He hoped to retire from business upon his return to America but he found that retirement did not suit him. Peabody went back to work, holding positions of authority in a number of other companies until his death in 1909.
    • Morocco Manufactory H. A. Pevear & Sons; Lynn, Mass. Office & Salesrooms, 61 High St., Boston.

      Geo. H. Walker & Co. (1884-01-01)
      Owned by Henry Augustus Pevear, the H. A. Pevear & Sons Morocco Manufactory in Lynn, was a successful morocco business. Morocco is a type of soft, flexible leather made from goatskin.
    • T.W. Peirce, Topsfield, Mass. Farms Buildings. Entrance to Residence.

      Geo. H. Walker & Co. (1884-01-01)
      Thomas Wentworth Peirce was born in New Hampshire in 1818. He went into business with his father, before starting his own mercantile firm, Peirce and Bacon. Peirce and Bacon became extremely successful, earning Peirce a considerable fortune. Much of his southern trade was centered in Texas, where his company dealt mainly in sugar, cotton, and hides. When he opened a branch in Galveston he became very interested in the railroad. After making several key investments in the continuation of the railroad in Texas, Peirce’s wealth swelled to staggering proportions. He was not limited to monetary wealth, but also owned a large amount of land thanks to his railroad investments. When he died he owned more than 700,000 acres of land. He purchased a farm in Topsfield and used it as a “country retreat” while he lived in Boston. Eventually, he converted it into an estate, employing Jacob Foster, a reputable carpenter, to build an addition on his house. Peirce worked hard not only to make the land fruitful, but also to turn it into a state of the art farm. There were at least three barns on the property, along with an ice house, a blacksmith shop, and a boarding house for farm hands. After his death his estate was valued at over $8 million.
    • Residence of Hon. John I. Baker, Beverly, Mass.

      Geo. H. Walker & Co. (1884-01-01)
      Hon. John I. Baker was the first mayor of Beverly. Having been born there on 16 August 1812, Baker devoted himself to improving Beverly. He was interested in the idea of temperance (he was nominated for Congress and Governor on the Prohibition ticket) and was strongly against slavery. For seventeen years he served as town clerk and selectman. He was county commissioner for sixteen years, school committeeman for twenty years, and he was in the House of Representatives for eighteen years. He also served in the state senate for two years. The list of his public service extends further still, having served on a variety of commissions. He lived to be eighty-three, and was well known and loved by the citizens of Beverly when he died.
    • D. J. Folger, Manufacturer of Carriages and Sleighs. Amesbury, Mass.

      Geo. H. Walker & Co. (1884-01-01)
      David J. Folger, originally from Nantucket, was an apprentice at a carriage trimmer in Fall River. In 1869 he started working for Charles W. Patten, a carriage maker based in Amesbury. When Patten retired in 1880, Folger took over the business, operating under the name D.J. Folger, Maunfacturer of Carriages and Sleighs. In 1887 Folger teamed up with James Drummond, and the following year they opened a new carriage factory. They produced 1,000 carriages a year and showed their products at the World’s Columbian Exposition in 1893. At a carriage show banquet that Folger and Drummond attended in 1896, the guests were assured that the horse and carriage business had a long future and that there was no need to be concerned by the new, sure-to-fail invention: the horseless carriage. Just a few years later, Folger died. Many of the stores in Amesbury closed for Folger’s funeral, and the procession was accompanied by the E.P. Wallace GAR Post, of which Folger had been a member. Drummond was left to try to keep the business afloat while the “horseless carriage,” or automobile, was becoming increasingly popular.
    • Residence of A.A. Abbott. Washington St., Cor., Main St,; Peabody, Mass.

      Geo. H. Walker & Co. (1884-01-01)
      Alfred Amos Abbott was born in Andover on 30 May 1820 and attended Phillips Andover Academy. After graduating, he attended Yale, then Union College. He continued on to the Dane Law School at Cambridge, finally finishing his law studies in the office of Joshua Holyoke Ward. He moved to and began practicing law in Peabody, where he remained until his death. He held a variety of jobs in the legal field throughout his life. He represented Essex County in the senate in 1853, whereupon, having been appointed district attorney for the Eastern District he took that job and remained there until 1869. Following that position he was appointed the clerk of the courts, an office that he held until his death. He was respected as a lawyer but was also known to be a man of culture and knowledge beyond law. William D. Northend, president of the Essex Bar Association in the Superior Court at Salem said this of Mr. Abbott, “He read the best books and was a thorough student of English literature.” Abbott died on 27 October 1884.
    • Parochial School for Boys. Convent. Parochial School for Girls. Parochial Residence. Rev. A.J. Teeling, Pastor.

      Geo. H. Walker & Co. (1884-01-01)
      When Rev. Arthur J. Teeling began as the pastor of the Church of the Immaculate Conception, one of his initial goals was to build a parochial school. In 1873 he bought the site of the Female High School, which was at the corner of Washington and Court Streets, in hopes that it would become the building for the parochial school. In July of 1873 more Court Street property (the First Christian Baptist Church) was purchased by a church member, Elder Pike. In July of 1878 Teeling bought a residence on Court Street. In November of that same year he announced to his parishioners that within a year they would have a Catholic school. The residence was moved further down Court Street and expanded to create a convent for the nuns who would teach at the new school. The property that Elder Pike had bought was expanded and turned into the Parochial School for Girls. The part of the building that faced Washington Street became the Parochial School for Boys. The Sisters of Charity of Nazareth in Kentucky came to Newburyport at the request of Rev. Teeling to teach in the schools. The school itself had ten classrooms equipped with new desks, chairs, and blackboards. Five of the rooms were for the boys, and five were for the girls. Six hundred could fit into the first floor hall of the building. The school opened officially on 4 September 1882 with 520 students, 420 of whom had transferred from surrounding public schools. This had an adverse impact on the public schools of the town. Due to the large exodus of students from public to parochial schools, three of the public schools reported in October 1882 they would shut down. Two years after the school had opened there were seven hundred students enrolled and fifteen teachers. Several years before the school opened, a new policy had been implemented in the Catholic Church that allowed priests to withhold sacraments from parents who did not send their children to Catholic schools. This policy lasted into the 1890s, which meant that the Immaculate Conception Parochial School was guaranteed to have a large student body for the years that the policy was in place. In 1945 the Immaculate Conception Parochial School burned down. The fire also destroyed the steeple of the parish church. The fire occurred after school had been let out for the day, so there were only 50 people (children and nuns) left in the building. Those children were attending confirmation and music classes.
    • Danvers Iron Works, Danversport, Mass. A.G. Tompkins & Co., Boston.

      Geo. H. Walker & Co.; Jones, Joseph L. (1884-01-01)
      When Arthur Gordon Tompkins died in 1892, he bequeathed the sum of $100,000 to the Boston Museum of Fine Arts. The purpose of this trust, as outlined in his will, was to allow the museum to make as many free admission days as possible with no financial burden to the institution. He also stipulated that whatever sum was left over after his estate was settled should be given to the MFA for use in purchasing modern oil paintings. Tompkins also left money to Massachusetts General Hospital, the Young Men's Christian Union, the Home for Aged Men, the Home for Aged Women, the Home for Aged Couples, and the Home for Little Wanderers. His firm, Arthur G. Tompkins & Co., owned the Danvers Iron Works.
    • Residence of C. H. Bond, Cliftondale, Mass.

      Geo. H. Walker & Co. (1884-01-01)
      Charles Henry Bond, born in Saugus in 1846, made his fortune as the president of Waitt & Bond, Inc., a cigar manufacturing company. Once he had amassed a sizeable fortune, Bond became less interested in cigars and devoted more of his time to his one true passion: music. He sought out poor but talented singers and would fund their European training, even giving them monthly living stipends. Bond invested in the construction of what was to be the Lyric Theatre in Boston. Unfortunately Bond took a financial hit after the Panic of 1907. He tried to ignore the trouble and continued to accrue debt in order to keep funding the Lyric Theatre project. In May of 1908, Bond was kicked off of the project. In July of the same year he was found dead in his bathtub. He left a signed note that read, “I have been killed by my friends and enemies. It is more than I can bear. I can stand it no longer. My heart is broken. I leave everything to my wife.” The Lyric Theatre project was bought by the Shubert Organization, which opened it under the name the Shubert Theatre in 1910.
    • Town Hall, Peabody, Mass.

      Geo. H. Walker & Co. (1884-01-01)
      The government of Peabody built a brand new town hall to replace the one that was built as Danvers was splitting into two towns. The new town hall was dedicated on 22 November 1883. The enormity of the building was often joked about, but when Peabody became a city the huge building was perfect for city hall. The basement of the building held the police station and was equipped with twelve cells. In 1907 a fire almost destroyed city hall. During the fire there were six prisoners in the basement cells who would have perished if James Gilman and William C. Mahoney of the fire department (with the help of Thomas Grady and Captain McCarthy of the police department) had not saved them. Between 1967 and 1971 the city of Peabody spent $176,920 on renovations and repairs to the city hall.
    • Residence of Mrs. Eliza Sutton. Main St., Peabody, Mass.

      Geo. H. Walker & Co. (1884-01-01)
      Eliza Dustin Sutton of Peabody believed strongly in using her wealth to help others. She established the Charitable Tenement Association, which provided housing for poor, elderly women in Peabody. It still stands today as the Sutton Home for Women. She donated $20,000 to the Peabody Institute to build the Eben Dale Sutton Reference room, named for her son, who had suffered from a variety of maladies and died at age fourteen. The Eben Dale Sutton Reference Room has recently been restored and it continues to house the archives for the Peabody Institute Library. George Peabody was a good friend and stayed with Eliza and her husband when he returned to visit Peabody in 1856, 1857, and 1866.
    • Andover Theological Seminary, Andover Mass.

      Geo. H. Walker & Co. (1884-01-01)
      On same sheet as Phillips Academy Buildings. The Andover Theological Seminary: Rev. Dr. Spring of Newburyport and Dr. Hopkins of Salem developed a plan to open a theological seminary around the same time as Phoebe Phillips, Hon. John Phillips, and Samuel Abbot had begun their plans to do the same in Andover. When they realized this, the two groups made the decision (after much discussion and uncertainty) to join their efforts and make one seminary. They reasoned that one school would be more practical than two rival schools, but the next roadblock was how to teach both Hopkinsian and Calvinistic doctrines at the seminary. It took nine months of negotiations with Dr. Eliphalet Pearson as moderator, but finally everyone arrived at a compromise and the seminary went forward. Dr. Spring found several people willing to donate money to the Andover Theological Seminary. Mr. and Mrs. John Norris gave $40,000, Mr. Moses Brown gave $35,000, and Mr. William Bartlet gave a total of $160,000. The three partners of Smith, Dove & Company (John and Peter Smith, and John Dove) donated $60,000 for a library to be built. It was called Brechin Hall, after the donors’ hometown in Scotland. Brechin Hall housed thirty-seven thousand books, in addition to its religious periodicals. It was also home to a number of curiosities gathered by missionaries who traveled abroad. Included in this collection were religious items from people who the missionaries considered to be “heathens.” Phillips Academy: Phillips Academy was founded in 1778 by Samuel Phillips, Jr. and opened with thirteen students. The prestige of the school grew, attracting students such as Howell Lewis, the nephew of George Washington and Samuel F.B. Morse, the inventor of the telegraph and Morse Code. In 1808 the Andover Theological Seminary was founded next to Phillips Academy. In 1828 it was decided in the town of Andover that a school would be built for girls so that they could receive an education like their brothers. It was called Abbot Academy and the first class had seventy students. After the Andover Theological Seminary moved to Cambridge in 1908, Phillips Academy bought the buildings and land that the seminary had occupied and absorbed them into its campus. In 1973, Phillips Academy and Abbot Academy merged to become a coeducational school.
    • Residence of Hon. William A. Russell. Lawrence, Mass.

      Geo. H. Walker & Co. (1884-01-01)
      William Augustus Russell was born in Vermont on 22 April 1831. In 1852 he started manufacturing paper in Exeter, New Hampshire. That same year he moved to Lawrence, Massachusetts and continued to manufacture paper. He entered into a life of politics in 1869 when he became a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1869. For the next sixteen years he remained embroiled in the country’s politics, finally ending his political career with six years in Congress. After leaving Congress he returned to the manufacture of paper. In Boston, during the winter of 1899, Russell died.
    • "Forest Hill," Residence of the Late Peter Smith, Andover Mass.

      Geo. H. Walker & Co. (1884-01-01)
      Peter Smith, born in Brechin, Scotland, sailed to America to join his older brother, John, who had already been living there for several years. John had started a cotton machinery manufacturing business with two other men, both of whom died shortly after the venture began. Peter, along with John Dove, a friend from Brechin, entered into the business with the elder Smith. John Dove convinced John Smith that there was a market for flax products in America. They incorporated this into the business and it became so lucrative that they abandoned the cotton machinery all together. Peter was in charge of managing the business, a department in which he excelled. He donated a great deal of money to the Andover Memorial Hall Library, the Theological Seminary, Phillips Academy, and Abbot Academy. He was a deacon at West Parish Church for 48 years, teaching Sunday school and inspiring respect and affection in his employees, students, friends, and fellow townsmen.
    • Moulton Hill. Residence of Henry W. Moulton, Newburyport, Mass.

      Geo. H. Walker & Co. (1884-01-01)
      Henry W. Moulton of Newburyport had hoped to continue his studies, fostering his love for literature and the arts. Due to poor health, however, he was unable to fulfill this wish. Instead he travelled through Central America and California for a year. While in California he met many Chinese immigrants with whom he built lasting friendships. These friendships also inspired a lifelong interest in China. Moulton went to Newburyport at the age of twenty and started a paint and drug business that did very well. When the Civil War broke out he served in the 32nd Massachusetts Infantry. After the war he was appointed United States Marshall of Idaho and lived there for several years before returning to Newburyport where he began in the real estate business. He tried to establish a carriage manufacturing factory and also to have the University of Modern Languages settled in Newburyport, but both ventures failed. He remained in the real estate business for twenty-five years. On 13 May 1896, Moulton died.
    • Church of the Immaculate Conception, Rev. A.J. Teeling, Pastor. Newburyport, Mass.

      Geo. H. Walker & Co. (1884-01-01)
      Arthur J. Teeling was born in Dublin in 1844 and came to this country when he was three years old. He lived in the Boston area and in 1864 decided to enter into the Catholic priesthood. He entered the Provincial Seminary in Troy, New York. In the time between being ordained and being assigned to the Church of the Immaculate Conception in Newburyport, Teeling sailed to Liverpool and spent the next six months travelling through Europe, Egypt, and the Holy Land. In Rome he met with Pope Leo XIII who bestowed his blessing upon the Church of the Immaculate Conception through Teeling. In the days before an official church was established, Catholics in Newburyport would gather at one person’s home and priests from other towns would conduct Mass there. As the number of Catholics in Newburyport grew, the need for a chapel became more urgent. Property was purchased but the congregation continued to multiply, and the chapel was outgrown. Finally, in 1852, a brand new church was erected to accommodate the sizeable congregation. A rectory was purchased shortly after the dedication of the new church. But by the time the well-respected priest who was largely responsible for these expansions, Father Lennon, passed away in 1871, the Church of the Immaculate Conception was $9,000 in debt and still did not have a Catholic cemetery. The rectory had passed out of the church’s hands, as had most of the property that they had owned and on which they had worshipped. This is what faced Father Teeling when he finally arrived in Newburyport. He was left to pick up the pieces, and he rose to the challenge. He paid off the church’s debt. In 1872 he bought back the parochial residence that had been used by Father Lennon. He had a spire built on the church in 1874. In April 1874 he bought land on Storey Avenue for a Catholic cemetery. He bought property on which he had built a parochial school for boys and girls, and a convent for the nuns who taught at the school. The school opened in 1882. He was known for his excellent counsel to his parishioners in spiritual, personal, financial, and other aspects of their lives. As a priest, Arthur J. Teeling was considered to be wildly successful and garnered much praise.