• Training For Success In The Age Of Globalization

      McCormack, Jared; Mullane, Ken (2022-05-05)
      Globalization has caused businesses to operate across varying cultures. Proper cultural training will maximize efficiency and minimize mistakes. This paper examines the relationship between American and Chinese cultural practices within this context.
    • Georadar Analysis For Geomorphic Evidence Of Prehistoric Breaches At Nahant Tombolo, Massachusetts, USA

      Rosario, Korina; Hanson, Lindley; Hubeny, Brad; Hanson, Lindley; Hubeny, Brad (2022-05-05)
      Paraglacial coasts utilize their barrier systems as a defense mechanism for the mainland from the open ocean. Large storms, such as nor’easters and hurricanes, occasionally breach barriers, altering back barrier environments. Therefore, understanding both the nature and periodicity of such events is pivotal in maintaining coastline sustainability. In this study we investigated the Nahant, MA tombolo which serves as a barrier seaward of the Saugus River mouth. Nahant tombolo is a sand dominated barrier, spanning 2km long and 150m wide with a tidal range of 2.7m. Our goal was to observe the geophysical stratigraphy in order to identify potential storm driven breach channels, and to interpret them in the terms of the evolution of the tombolo. A GSSI Ground Penetrating RADAR (GPR) with a 350 MHz hyperstacking antenna was used to investigate the subsurface, and Radan was used for data analysis and processing. Subsurface profiles were generated along 14 continuous beach segments located on a paved path seaward of the done crest. Reflectors were compared to previous studies of subsurface RADAR facies. GPR records logged only three inlet features which were concentrated in a 300 m sector of the 2km tombolo. Inlet features include a basin fill, and two channel fill patterns including complex and accretionary. Prehistoric channels range from 3 to 6m in width and 5 to 6m in depth. Our data indicates that the Nahant tombolo has experienced at least three breaching events since its formation, possibly 3 to 5 thousand years ago. Such events are constrained to a specific stretch of the tombolo, and are infrequent in the geologic record.
    • Medicinally Useful Metabolites Of Common Mullein Endophytes

      Sanger, Emma; MacTaylor, Christine (2022-05-05)
      Mullein was procured from the Salem salt march and tested for medically useful compounds. Endophytes grown from mullein leaves and its metabolites were tested for bioactivity against four strains of bacteria. Extracts were also evaluated with LCMS to identify medically interesting components.
    • The Effect Of Music Therapy Programs On Inmates' Anxiety, Depression, And Self-Esteem

      Robblee, Molly; Howerton-Orcutt, Amanda (2022-05-05)
      Music therapy is becoming a more commonly used rehabilitative technique. However, the use of music therapy in correctional settings is a relatively new concept. Because of this, the effects of music therapy programs on inmates' mental health have not been widely studied. In my Senior Honors Thesis project, I conducted a literature review comparing ten studies on the impact of music therapy in correctional facilities on inmates' anxiety, depression, and self-esteem. I found that music therapy does have the ability to reduce inmates' anxiety and depression and increase their self-esteem, however, there are significant limitations that must be taken into consideration. It is crucial to conduct further research on the matter to fully understand the impact that music therapy may have on inmates' mental health.
    • Patient-Physician Communication; The Importance Of Effective Communication For Surgical Procedures

      Oliveira, Joice; DeLeon, Patrice (2022-05-05)
      A physician’s ability to effectively communicate information to their patient is critical for a successful patient-physician relationship. Patients who understand their physician are prone to acknowledge their health condition, understand their treatment plan, adjust their behavior, and follow recommendations. For the following research study, I reviewed current literature on how physicians communicate with young patients about surgical procedures. I recruited undergraduate students at Salem State University to participate in a brief anonymous survey about their experiences with open or laparoscopic appendectomies. Results yielded that 3 out of 30 participants had a laparoscopic appendectomy; 2 of those 3 participants reported having struggled with obtaining satisfactory information about the procedure.
    • How Is The Collaborative Nature Of A Group Affected By Gender?

      Moge, Serena; Conlin, Luke (2022-05-05)
      Previous research suggests that male and female students divide their time in physics lab differently. This study finds that gender affected not just the hands-on division of labor in lab, but also the cognitive division of labor. We analyzed video of lab group's interactions, finding gendered differences in how students distanced themselves by hedging or questioning (Conlin & Scherr, 2018). Male students tended to provide suggestions first and be confident in their initial ideas (less distancing). Female students tended to question initial ideas and think more critically before beginning experiment (more distancing). Understanding how gender plays a role in collaboration can allow group dynamics to be improved in a way that takes this into account.
    • People Behind The Parks: The CCC

      Monasterios, Sarah; Larsson, Erik; Reddick, Evan; Negri, Michael; Grasso, Josh; Bloom, Katherine (2022-05-05)
      The Civilian Conservation Corps was created by President Franklin D. Roosevelt as part of his New Deal legislation. The impact of the CCC cannot be understated.
    • Fact Or Fiction: Investigating Whether The Csi Effect Is A Valid Concern Or Popular Myth

      Santana, Anthony; Curcio, Gina (2022-05-05)
      The CSI effect is a phenomenon in which forensic science used in criminal investigations has been exaggerated by fiction-based crime TV shows and movies (i.e., CSI, Law and Order, Criminal Minds, etc.), which has influenced public perception on what to expect from real criminal investigations. These TV shows have portrayed an image of what criminal investigations should look like and the type of evidence that is presented in television courtrooms far from what is actually done in reality. Thus, people in the criminal justice system (i.e., prosecutors, judges, lawyers) have attributed an increase in people and juror expectations and demands for more scientific evidence (i.e., DNA, fingerprints) in criminal trials to the CSI effect. To investigate this claim of a rise in expectations and demands for scientific evidence, this research study conducted an anonymous, self-administered online survey consisting of about 17 questions that was administered to Salem State University undergraduate and graduate students from all different disciplines (N = 90). The survey collected demographic data as well as more specific information about students’ crime-based TV shows viewing habits and their demands for scientific evidence in criminal trials.
    • Patients, Providers And Perceptions: Achieving Quality Of Care When Goals Are Not Aligned

      Smith, Catherine; Ebersole, Nancy (2022-05-05)
      Despite asthma remaining one of the most common chronic pediatric conditions, patients are still constantly hospitalized due to poor self-management. Patient-centered care requires professionals to understand what barriers need to be modified in order to promote controlled asthma during healthy childhood/adolescent development. This literature review consists of seven key articles from CINAHL and PubMed with common themes identified: (1) nurses can help incorporate asthma care techniques that enhance healthy childhood and adolescent development (2) nurses can help identify family roles to start establishing patient resilience in childhood and (3) patients who have an interdependent relationship with providers have increased medical treatment adherence. These themes highlight the need for healthcare workers to ensure that patient-centered care is the core of patients self-managing their asthma. At the same time, natural family roles are respected, and patients can care for themselves with little distractions from having a healthy childhood. In return, this will help improve the quality of self-care and decrease hospital readmissions in asthmatic pediatric patients.
    • A Trip To Neverland

      Sousa, Olivia; Miller, Betsy (2022-05-05)
      What is the "inner child"? How can we access it? This Capstone in Dance project uses movement and music as instigators for expression, creativity, and authenticity, and is presented in the form of a choreographic work. A Trip to Neverland was premiered in the dance program's production, Dances in the Raw, on April 25, 2022.
    • People Behind The Parks: The Buffalo Soldiers

      Medeiros, Kyle; Greeno, Cam; Dick, Grady; Sweener, Trevor; Desmond, Timmy; Thebado, Ryan; Bloom, Katherine (2022-05-05)
      The Buffalo soldiers were initially formed to help the U.S. congress rebuild the country after the Civil War. The Buffalo soldiers were tasked with fighting the “Indian Wars” on the western front. Amongst their jobs, they were among the first park rangers in our national parks. Their impact on the development of the west cannot be understated.
    • The Impact Of Disparate Treatment On Pregnancy Outcomes In Minority Women 

      Pueyo-Garcia, Claudia; Ebersole, Nancy (2022-05-05)
      The disproportionate burden of maternal mortality among the African American community can be attributed to inequitable laws, cultural norms, and health practices. Over the course of a woman's lifespan and pregnancy, each of these elements has contributed to and aggravated the rising prevalence of health morbidities, life stresses, access to health care facilities and preventative treatment, as well as a lower quality of care.
    • Medicinal Properties Of The Endophytes From Prunus Avium

      Mendoza, Gisady A.; MacTaylor, Christine (2022-05-05)
      Isolated fungal endophytes from the Prunus avium tree, Wild Cherry Tree, were studied for its medicinal properties and uses from the Pickman Park Salt Marsh in Salem, Massachusetts behind Salem State University.
    • An Investigation Into Which Techniques Of Play Therapy Are Most Effective Across A Spectrum Of Behaviors In Children

      Boghosian, Jamie; Gonsalves, Joanna (2022-05-05)
      Play Therapy, a type of therapy in which play is used to help a client share their emotions and work through their issues, is a globally used practice (Cassado-Frankel, 2016). It is used to help many children combat their trauma, anxiety, depression, and several other disorders and conditions. This thesis reports on a meta-analysis of 11 previous research studies in the psychological literature research conducted on this subject and an analysis of data collected via an original survey completed by seventeen child therapists in the New England area who use play therapy on a regular basis with their clients. Consistent with previous studies in the literature, survey respondents reported that play therapy is very effective in helping children clients with their struggles. The survey found that the participants believed a play therapy session should be 30-60 minutes on average in order for it to be effective. The survey also found several patterns in which types of play therapy are most commonly practiced for different types of conditions. For example, the most preferred types of play therapy to practice were Child-Centered Play Therapy and Non-Directive Play Therapy. Another pattern found was that play therapy was most popularly practiced with clients who have anxiety disorders and least used with clients who have oppositional defiant disorder.
    • Adolescents And E-Cigarette Use: The Hidden Danger Of Developing E-Cigarette And Vaping Associated Lung Injury

      Aniagu, Anastasia C.; Ebersole, Nancy (2022-05-05)
      Adolescents' excessive use of smoking electronic cigarettes can lead to a new health difficulty called EVALI (electronic cigarette/vaping associated lung injury).
    • Managing Pain In Children: Barriers To Effective Care

      Agno, Sandrei; Ebersole, Nancy (2022-05-05)
      Barriers in assessing and managing pain in children.
    • Resiliency In Child Welfare Workers Through The Covid-19 Pandemic

      Bertrand, Grace E.; Amato, Felix (2022-05-05)
      The purpose of this study is to understand the overall impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on child welfare workers. First a deep investigation into resiliency in social work, strategies for resiliency, and worker resiliency through the pandemic in general was done. Next, a section on child welfare workers explains the challenges they face along with research on resiliency in the field. Lastly, a section on COVID-19 investigates the possible impacts of the pandemic on child welfare workers and globally to give context. The study was completed using an anonymous survey asking both multiple-choice and open-ended questions about child welfare workers' experiences. It asked questions both about the pandemic specifically as well as general questions around resiliency.
    • Petrology, Geochemistry, And Tectonic Significance Of Crosscutting Dikes In Nahant, MA

      Cote, Emily; Mana, Sara; Mana, Sara (2022-05-05)
      During the late Proterozoic the Avalon Terrane rifted away from the Gondwana supercontinent. As the terrane was moving towards the modified margin of Laurentia, around 488 Ma the Nahant Gabbro intruded. This was later intruded by a series of dikes in the late Devonian. Drone imagery and field survey was used to map multiple sets of cross cutting dikes outcropping along the Castle Rock shoreline in Nahant, MA. In a key area we see five cross cutting dikes. These intersecting dikes are analyzed for their petrology and geochemistry in an attempt to identify different magmatic events.
    • Greener Medicines Using Verbascum Thapsus

      Butler, Becky; Mactaylor, Christine (2022-05-05)
      Common mullein has been used for many years as an herbal remedy. This study identifies 27 different medicinal compounds and explores the impact of endophytes on green chemistry.
    • Medicinal Uses Expressed In Rhus Typhina Endophytes

      Cloutier, Samantha M.; MacTaylor, Christine (2022-05-05)
      The Staghorn Sumac, also identified as Rhus Typhina, was tested to see if endophytes contained within the plant had medicinal properties. This plant was taken from the Pickman Park Salt Marsh by Salem State University Central Campus. The results indicated in the study show the Sumac to be associated with the treatments involving relaxants, regulators, pain relievers, cleansing agents, psychoactive, antibiotic, and antiviral treatments.