• Discovery and Annotation of Microbacterium foliorum phage Juicer and Gordonia rubripertincta phage GiKK.

      Sprenkle, Amy B.; Azeni, Brahim; Bilbo, Merry; Cashins, Robyn; Gonzalez, Cristina; Migneault, Nick; Panza, Mariah; Trevino, Serjio (2021-05-01)
      Salem State was fortunate to be able to run the Phage Discovery semester of SEA-PHAGES in person in the Fall of 2020 under COVID-19 compliant protocols. Two actinobacterial hosts were used; Microbacterium foliorum and Gordonia rubripertincta. Student enriched soil samples yielded a number of phages on both hosts. We were able to amplify and purify two unique phages on each host, and finally send both DNA samples for full genome sequencing at the University of Pittsburgh. Microbacterium phage Juicer is a lytic siphoviridae in cluster EA6 at 41099 base pairs in length and displays typical genome organization. Genome annotation is accomplished by comparison to several close relatives. Gordonia phage GiKK is a lytic siphoviridae in cluster CT at 47537 base pairs and also has typical synteny and close relatives to compare for annotation during the Bioinformatics semester of SEA-PHAGES at Salem State University.
    • Can a group driving cessation intervention improve quality of life in older adults?

      Oranekwu, Nnedi C. A.; Silveira, Jeramie (2021-05-01)
      This poster presentation is a summary of a systematic review addressing various group driving cessation interventions and the effects that they have on the continued mobility and overall quality of life (QoL) of older adults.
    • Avatar to Prevent Falls in Home Dwelling Elders

      Masella, Kristine; Ackerman, Peg (2021-05-01)
      Avatar to Prevent Falls in Home Dwelling Elders
    • Identifying Extrusive Volcanic Features with YOLOv2.0

      Van Hazinga, Cora; Sanders, Trevor; Mana, Sara; Waddington, George; Mana, Sara; Waddington, George (2021-05-01)
      Many volcanic fields can be found in the East African Rift (EAR), an active divergent plate boundary. Marsabit (2.32°N, 37.97°E) and Nyambeni Hills (0.42°N, 37.96°E) of Kenya are located on the eastern shoulder of the Kenyan Rift, part of the eastern branch of the EAR. Both volcanic fields formed in the late Pleistocene and Holocene, and both are host to hundreds of pyroclastic cones and maar craters. Previous research has established that trends of linear arrays and the morphologies of cones and craters can be used to establish the locations and orientations of shallow igneous intrusive systems, especially in areas where subsurface feeder dikes are not visible at the surface. The orientation of dikes are controlled by the regional tensile stress field or pre-existing lithospheric structures. Therefore, the analysis of dike orientations can supply valuable information regarding regional tectonic stresses and crustal fabric controls. Manually mapping extrusive volcanic features can be time consuming and subjective. Machine learning object detection and classification can speed up the mapping process, allowing for quicker analysis. Here we present our findings in the application of the YOLO.v.2 object detection machine learning algorithm to identify extrusive volcanic features and its analysis of volcanic fields not included in the training sites. Landsat 8 OLI imagery of Marsabit is used to create training and validation data in PASCAL VOC format. False color compositions of Marsabit and Nyambeni Hills are created from a multiplicative merge of red, NIR, and SWIR bands and the panchromatic band with a resolution of approximately 15 meters. After training YOLO V.2 with training data from Marsabit, it is used to analyze validation images of Nyambeni Hills. Preliminary results suggest that the sharp topographic relief of maars are easily identified in both volcanic fields, while cones are more likely to be identified in Marsabit. Due to eruption style and erosion, the cones of Nyambeni Hills tend to be less prominent than cones on Marsabit. However, YOLO V.2 still identified a few large cones on Nyambeni Hills.
    • Effectiveness of Nonpharmacological Treatment Methods on Multiple Sclerosis compared to Pharmacological Treatment Methods

      Menard, Shelby; Ackerman, Peg (2021-05-01)
      Multiple sclerosis is a chronic, progressive, debilitating autoimmune disease. It is generally diagnosed in young adults and at this time is not yet curable. Over time there have been new developments in treatment options and symptom management, but compliance and effectiveness of treatments have been barriers to managing MS. The purpose of this review is to evaluate the efficacy of nonpharmacological methods in managing MS symptoms and disease course compared with the traditional pharmacological methods. The goal is to prove that avoiding triggers of relapse and decreasing relapse frequency using nonpharmacological methods is as effective in preventing disability and maintaining quality of life as taking daily, lifelong medications. Using databases such as EBSCO, CINAHL, PubMed, Medline Plus, and Academic Search Complete a variety of studies including meta-analyses, systematic reviews, and clinical trial results were used to establish a design for best practice in treating and managing MS to provide the best quality of life for patients with multiple sclerosis. The results of this study show that nonpharmacological methods alone are not enough to slow or limit the disease progression. Pharmacological methods have proven to slow the progression of disability but using medication and nonpharmacological practices in tandem show the best outcomes in decreasing and preventing disability.
    • Suffering In Silence: Variability in Pain Assessment Leads to Inadequate Treatment in Older Adults with Dementia

      Hare, Allison; Ackerman, Margaret (2021-05-01)
      As the general population continues to age, there is an increase in the number of older adults who have dementia which complicates their ability to process and effectively communicate pain. It is vital that we continue to study and implement standards in pain assessment and treatment so these patients don't suffer in silence.
    • Sculpting Nurse Practitioner Directed Heart Failure Clinics To Maximize Patient Outcomes

      Holder, Dena-Marie; Bashir, Mercy (2021-05-01)
      The purpose of this systematic review is to discuss progressive and innovative ways to facilitate the best evidence-based practices through establishment of a multi-disciplinary nurse practitioner directed program to manage heart failure patients; along with providing guidance to format existing HF clinics. This will focus on: -Establishing patient-centered interventions and outcomes. -Reduce re-hospitalization risk. -Providing a better understanding of HF disease process by: -Establishing medication adherence -Promoting self-care management and -Addressing depressions and anxiety By providing tools, such as the use of telehealth monitoring along with enrollment into a NP led HF clinic, these interventions will assist patients with added support to: -Understanding their HF disease process -Establish self-care management/ confidence -Make appropriate choices while being closely monitored -With the formation of these processes, it has been proven through numerous studies, that patients will receive a better quality of life.
    • Examining the Effectiveness of an Online Training Program: Training Behavior Technicians to Implement a Task Analysis

      Fuller, Catherine; LaPointe, Samantha; LaPointe, Samantha (2021-05-01)
      Proposal describing how authors plan to evaluate the effectiveness of an online hybrid training program to teach behavior technicians to implement a Task Analysis. Online hybrid training program will be asynchronous and synchronous.
    • Is the Lewis (LEW) Rat an appropriate control for the Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat (SHR) on a delay discounting task?

      Hensley, Jason; Aparicio, Carlos (2021-05-01)
      The Spontaneously Hypertensive rat (SHR), the most widely accepted rodent-model of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), is compared with its normotensive control the Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rat looking for between strains differences in impulsive choice. But the WKY is not a proper control for the SHR when the procedure requires locomotion to choose. The SHR has deficiencies in dopamine activity in nucleus accumbens causing lower tolerance to delayed outcomes than the WKY. Locomotion and anomalies in dopamine in the Lewis (LEW) rat are like those in the SHR, suggesting that the LEW is a good control for the SHR. This possibility was analyzed with SHRs and LEWs responding to concurrent-chains procedures. Choice was measured in the initial link where two random interval schedules arranged entries to two terminal links, one delivering 1-food pellet immediately and the other delaying 4-food pellets 0.1, 5, 10, 20, 40, or 80 s. Impulsive choice increased with increasing training, but the SHRs shown faster changes in preference making more impulsive choices than the LEWs. The hyperbolic-decay model and the generalized matching law fitted the data well. Positive correlations between discounting rate and sensitivity of choice to the immediacy of reinforcement suggest compatibility between models of choice.
    • For the age group 65 and above does statin therapy Improve the outcome of cardiovascular diseases compare to non-statin therapy.

      Kia, Jeanne L.; Ackerman, Peg (2021-05-01)
      Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a general term associated with conditions that affect the structures or function of the heart, and the most common types of CVD includes: abnormal heart rhythms, aorta disease, congenital heart disease, coronary artery disease, deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, heart attack, heart failure, cardiomyopathy, heart valve disease, pericardial disease, peripheral vascular disease, rheumatic heart disease, stroke, vascular disease. The concrete cause of CVD isn't clear, but there are many criteria that can contributes to an individual having CVD, some of which are: high blood pressure, smoking, high cholesterol, diabetes, inactivity, obesity, family history of CVD, and ethnic background. CVD is usually associated with a build-up of fatty deposits called cholesterol inside the arteries in a process called atherosclerosis and this comes with an increased risk of blood clots, damage to arteries in organs such as the brain, heart, kidneys and eyes.
    • Effective Nonpharmacological Interventions to Decrease Agitation and Promote Occupational Engagement in Long Term Care Residents with Dementia

      Whiting, Kimberly; Silveira, Jeramie (2021-05-01)
      This poster presentation reflects a literature review that examines nonpharmacological interventions within the scope of occupational therapy practice that address strategies to decrease agitation and promote occupational engagement in long-term care residents with dementia.
    • What Current Assessment Screens and Interventions can be used to Detect, Prevent, and Treat Elder Neglect

      Afflitto, Maria; Silveira, Jeramie (2021-05-01)
      I conducted a systematic review on current assessment tools and interventions occupational therapy practitioners can use in the field in order to detect, prevent, and treat elder's who may be experiencing neglect by their caregivers.
    • For people with cognitive dysfunction secondary to dementia, how does assistive technology support spatial navigation in physical environments?

      Roux, Cheryl; Silveira, Jeramie (2021-05-01)
      This is a systematic review examining literature on how occupational therapy practitioners could use assistive technology to support people with dementia's ability to arrive at different places in their physical environments (e.g. room to room within a building or home to store).
    • Occupational Performance in Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Systematic Review of Group and Individual Interventions

      Zechner, Holly; Schlenz, Kathleen (2021-05-01)
      Presented in this poster is a comprehensive review of the comparison of group and individual interventions for occupational performance outcomes in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy (CP). Results from this systematic review can help guide occupational therapy practice in the selection of group or individual interventions for children with hemiplegic CP to help improve occupational performance.
    • Lack of Utilization of Nutrition Services Among Community-Dwelling Elders and Reasons for Underutilization

      Turnbull, Caroline; Ackerman, Margaret (2021-05-01)
      As the elderly population grows, the need for services to help in the care of elders in the community expands. This poster provides evidence-based recommendations and emphasizes the key role primary care providers play in the education and initiation of referrals to the use of community-based nutrition services for eligible elderly patients.
    • Maximizing nurse utilization to work within license scope of practice: Establishing policies and procedures.

      O'Brien, Kathy; Leger, Robin (2021-05-01)
      Nurses in the unit I am managing were performing electrocautery. The Md had trained the nurse coordinator in the procedure but could not establish it was within the nursing scope of practice. Research showed that RN's can do cautery as first assist to control bleeding during surgery. We are currently working on establishing a policy and incorporating the training into the nursing unit orientation.
    • Ambulatory Nursing Leadership: New Nurse Manager Residency Program

      Trefrey, Brie L.; Leger, Robin (2021-05-01)
      The purpose of this project is to develop a leadership residency program to enhance nurse manager competency, targeted to meet the unique and specific needs of new nurse managers in ambulatory settings. Existing programs are not tailored to this group of nursing leaders
    • Do Occupational Therapy Interventions Improve Quality of Life for Women with Breast Cancer?

      Marchand, Shawna; Fink, Twyla (2021-05-01)
      This research focused on the impact that occupational therapy services have on women's quality of life post breast cancer diagnosis and treatment. Specific assessments, treatments, and clinical implications are included.
    • Does Kinesio Tape Improve Motor Function for Occupational Participation of Adults who have had a Stroke?

      Ryan, Bridget; Fink, Twyla; Fink, Twyla (2021-05-01)
      My presentation focuses on strokes and how individuals are impacted by spasticity, pain and difficulty with range of motion of the upper extremity which are common side effects of a stroke. Kinesio tape is a therapeutic tape used by occupational therapy practitioners applied to the upper extremity to lessen pain, reduce swelling and improve performance. The objective of this presentation is to find if kinesio tape improves motor function in order to participate in occupation.
    • What occupation-based interventions improve quality of sleep in adults with acquired brain injury (ABI) experiencing sleep disturbances?

      Grant, Shannon; Fink, Twyla (2021-05-01)
      The review provides OT practitioners with evidence-based research for assisting clinical practice in choosing an appropriate treatment for adults living with ABI experiencing dysfunction in daily occupations due to sleep disturbances.