• Undergraduate Nursing Students Attitudes Toward Physician Assisted Suicide

      Delis, Pamela; Lundblad, Kendyl (2018-01-01)
      Physician assisted suicide consists of a doctor providing a patient with the lethal means of a medication (usually the barbituate secobarbital) to administer themselves at their own will. Euthanasia is a slightly different form of physician assisted suicide, where the doctor takes an active role and administers the lethal dose of a medication (usually secobarbital) to the patient. As expected, this practice abounds with controversy. This research seeks to study baccalaureate student nurses’ opinions on physician assisted suicide. This research sought to understand if nursing students feel physician assisted suicide is ethical amongst certain situations, and whether or not they believe if it should be legalized in the United States. Using student nurses as the participants in this study seemed best because they most likely have, or will have, treated a critically or terminally ill patient. Nurses work the closest with these specific patients, and therefore their opinions on whether or not physician assisted suicide should be an option is extremely valuable. Survey methodology was used to conduct this research. The survey contained a few demographic questions and two scenarios for the students to state whether they agreed or not, and a space for their thoughts on the matter. Mostly all of the students, by the end of the survey, made it clear that they believe physician assisted suicide can and should be used within certain ethical situations.
    • Using the Ketogenic Diet to Reduce the Incidence of Pediatric Seizures: Helping Children and Families to Find a Better Quality of Life

      Ebersole, Nancy; Nowka, Scott; Gonsalves, Joanna; Wohler, Alison (2021-05-01)
      Seizure disorders have both medical as well as quality of life implications for anyone experiencing them. The use of medications to control and manage this disorder is not always effective and may cause side effects that discourage compliance with the prescribed drugs. All of these concerns are especially problematic for children with seizures and their families. The use of diet modifications to control seizures is showing promise as an alternative to medications. The high fat, ketogenic diet as well as the low glycemic index diet are being investigated to control seizures in children. A systematic review of the literature was done in the CINAHL Plus database. The themes identified across the studies are (a) the ketogenic diet was effective in reducing seizures whereas the low glycemic index diet was not; (b) compliance with diet changes is a significant concern in this patient population; (c) parents view quality of life differently than the children with seizure disorders and this can impact diet adherence; and (d) how this diet interacts with medications and alters other body functions must be considered when using the ketogenic diet for seizure management. These results indicate an opportunity for nurses to work with families and the health care team to reduce the incidence of seizures, improve treatment compliance, and enhance the quality of life. A treatment option which provides for the needs and desires of both the individual and the parents can strengthen the family unit and promote healthy outcomes for all.
    • Vaccines And The Evolution Of Society's Attitudes Toward Them: Implications For Future Nursing Practice

      Campbell, Charlene; Nowka, Scott; Shutt, Briana (2017-04-01)
      The various controversies surrounding vaccines are a pertinent topic in our society today and have increased fear related to immunization. Despite advances in medicine and the development of life-saving vaccines, diseases that were thought to be long gone have crept back into our society and become a public health concern once again. As the anti-vaccination movement gains momentum and parents choose not to vaccinate their children, there are increasing numbers of reported cases of once-eradicated diseases like Pertussis and Measles. A systematic literature review was done to explore immunizations and the evolution of their impact on society as well as to identify vaccine-related fears and their validity. Using Nola Pender’s Health Promotion Model as a theoretical framework, the goal of this review was to discuss implications for future nursing practice and to identify possible interventions for decreasing immunization fears.
    • Young Women With A Diagnosis Of Sarcoma: Decisions Related To Disease Treatment And Infertility Options

      Campbell, Charlene; Murungi, Sheilla (2019-05-01)
      Women suffering from sarcoma are often presented with the devastating news that they may experience infertility during or after chemotherapy and radiation treatment for the disease. Because of this, they must make the difficult decision to either go through with the treatments or explore options to preserve their fertility. Many of these women may be planning to have a family with biological children but undergoing chemotherapy and radiation treatment might make those plans impossible. This study examined therapeutic advances for preserving fertility in women while maintaining a therapeutic regimen for treatment of the disease. This research also examined the extent to which these patients have a full understanding of these treatments and if they are adequately informed of all of the available options from which to choose. This comprehensive review of the literature examined the psychological effects of potential infertility resulting from sarcoma treatment on women (18-44 years old) and their families. This study also explored the resources available to patients suffering from psychological effects of sarcoma treatment and infertility and the efficacy of these resources. The overall purpose of this study was to further examine the possible treatment options for these patients with an emphasis on the methods and resources to help them navigate this devastating diagnosis.