• Adolescents And E-Cigarette Use: The Hidden Danger Of Developing E-Cigarette And Vaping Associated Lung Injury

      Ebersole, Nancy; Aniagu, Anastasia (2022-05-01)
      Newer generations have opted out of the traditional cigarettes but instead smoking electronic cigarettes. Electronic Cigarettes (EC), produce an aerosol by heating a liquid that usually contains nicotine—the addictive drug in regular cigarettes, cigars, and other tobacco products—flavorings, and other chemicals. EC can come in various sizes, shapes and flavorings and typically is used as a recovery source for overcoming nicotine addiction and smoking cessation. Adolescents have become fascinated with EC causing a health crisis among the age group called EVALI (E-cigarettes or Vaping Lung Injury). This thesis will be addressing the EC substance abuse in adolescents and why it is important for healthcare workers, nurses, and providers to be updated on the health issues that can occur from chronic use of EC. The thesis will address the psychological and risk factors that may influence teenagers into smoking EC, THC involvement with EVALI, the health history of adolescents, and the initial signs and symptoms of EVALI. Various sources from accredited academic databases will be used to relay pertinent information when it comes to smoking EC and the health impact of EVALI. Healthcare providers, public health administrators and other personnel that work with adolescents should have some foundational information when it comes to adolescents smoking EC and how EVALI can have an everlasting impact on their health.
    • Adolescents With Migraine Headaches: Managing Triggers To Support A High Quality Of Life

      Ebersole, Nancy; Darden, Mikayla (2022-05-01)
      Migraine headaches are common amongst adolescents, beginning in early childhood and following them into adulthood. Migraines are typically described as intense pain located on one side of their head, accompanied by other symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to stimuli. Migraines have a negative impact on the daily lives of those who suffer from them. Successfully navigating life is hard enough for people of this age group and healthcare professionals should strive to increase the quality of life for both the patient and the family. A systemic review of literature was conducted. A CINHAL Plus search was used with the keywords: migraines, quality of life, and adolescents. The search was refined to only show peer reviewed sources and journal articles. The publication date was set between the years 2017 to 2022. Six articles met the criteria for inclusion in this systemic review of literature. The criteria being article on headaches that did not have a co-morbidity. Three themes were identified and included in the review: who is at highest risk for migraines, the effect migraines have on health and school performance, and the poor quality of life of both the adolescent and their families. Further awareness of migraines and their triggers is needed. This will allow patients and their families to take a proactive approach and understand acute treatments that will help the adolescents improve their quality of life. In addition to positive outcomes and proper growth & development. Controlling the triggers and symptoms of migraine headaches will allow the adolescents to live better lives and lessen the burden on families.
    • Advancements of Nursing Roles in Pediatric Burn Care

      Leger, Robin; Scherrer, Stephanie (2015-05-01)
      Burns are a common injury for children, especially in toddlers and adolescents. Nurses are in the front line of care and possess many roles within the care of pediatric burn patients. Nursing roles in pediatric burn care can be organized into three major areas of care, including acute, rehabilitative and psychological. it is the roles that nurses carry out that make a difference in the long term quality of life in the pediatric burn patient. Goals and objectives: To address nursing roles in all three major areas of nursing care in pediatric burn care, acute care, rehabilitation care, psychosocial care, long term care and follow-up care.
    • Assessing the Nutritional Health of College Students: An Ethnographic Approach

      Hills, Donna; Forina, Nicole Marie (2016-05-01)
      The culture of college students does not appear to give adequate attention to nutritional health. The purpose of this study seeks to explore whether college students are at risk for imbalanced nutrition. Among the studies reviewed, samples suggest that college students are at risk for imbalanced nutrition due to their financial instability, lack of nutritional knowledge, and inability to obtain healthy foods. The results of this systematic review of the literature suggest that implementations of nutritional education may reduce those risks.
    • The Association of Symptoms of Anxiety in Children Ages 6-12 and the Exposure to Violence in the Media

      Hills, Donna; Crowley, Jacklyn (2014-05-17)
      Through a review of the literature, my research project explored whether or not violence in the media causes symptoms of anxiety in children ages 6-12. It is suspected by multiple child psychologists that violence in the media can affect children and cause them to develop symptoms of anxiety. By reviewing case studies as well as scholarly articles and journals I found that there was some evidence to support this premise as well as evidence that did not. The focus of my literature review was children ages 6-12 because they tend to be impressionable and vulnerable to their experiences. Limitations to this study would include articles that reported studies on age groups other than the childhood age group such as young adults and the adolescent, as well as the manifestation of anxiety and definition of violence defined differently by various authors.
    • Attitudes Surrounding Long-Acting Reversible Contraceptive Methods Among Female Undergraduate Nursing Students Over 18 Years Of Age At A Large New England University

      Moske-Weber, Charlene; Nearen, Nicole (2018-01-01)
      Background/Purpose: Long-Acting Reversible Contraceptive (LARC) methods are highly effective methods of birth control including intrauterine devices (IUD) and the implant. There is often a lower rate of usage with these methods due to factors such as high upfront cost, invasive insertion methods, and possible side effects. This research is aimed to understand some of the perceived and actual barriers for usage, as well as to identify any gaps in education regarding this method. Design and Methods: This project was conducted as a qualitative study with 114 total participants. Consent for the study will be implied by completing the survey. The survey will be distributed via the School of Nursing from Survey Monkey. The data was collected via a 10 question survey, which was distributed through the Salem State University School of nursing email server. Results: Respondents had a generalized understanding of long-acting reversible methods, while also having low levels of usage. The data supported that this population, which was predominantly 18-22 years old, had an adequate LARC understanding. However, 55% of women claimed current oral contraceptive use, and only 17% cited current LARC use, despite the high 88% education rate Implications: The study enables healthcare providers and health educators to assess the education needs and barriers that exist with LARC usage. An understanding of LARC methods will help to expand access and understanding of this method.
    • The Benefits of Cardiac Rehabilitation for Post-Myocardial Infarction Patients

      Fraley, Hannah; Dahlberg, Jenny Kathryn (2016-05-01)
      Myocardial infarction is one of the most significant causes of death worldwide. Factors leading to a patient's risk of having a myocardial infarction are obesity, smoking, high cholesterol, hypertension, and a sedentary lifestyle. If patients knew of these risks, the likelihood of a myocardial infarction occurring could decrease. Because of a lack of information about the topic, many patients unfortunately experience a myocardial infarction before it is preventable. Lack of knowledge about how serious the disease is and treatment is also a reason for not going through with cardiac rehabilitation. People around the world need to be educated about myocardial infarction risks and the positive outcomes of attending cardiac rehabilitation. The aim of this study is to improve the quality of life of myocardial infarction patients by determining the long-term benefits of going through with cardiac rehabilitation. A review of the literature was conducted. CINAHL was used to search articles pertaining to the research topic. Results include the following: a lack of cardiac knowledge led to patients' unawareness of the need for attending cardiac rehabilitation; patients improved both physically and psychologically after attending rehabilitation; individualized education has been the most effective for myocardial infarction patients. Myocardial infarction can potentially be prevented through education of cardiac patients on the benefits and importance of cardiac rehabilitation. Results from this study have implications for helping to decrease morbidity and mortality among this high-risk population.
    • The Benefits Of Dance Therapy For Older Adults With Dementia: A Systematic Review Of The Literature

      Moske-Weber, Charlene; Flynn, Brianna (2018-01-01)
      This systematic review of the literature surrounding dance therapy for older adults with dementia serves to educate nurses working with the population of older adults with dementia about the associated benefits of dance therapy. There is a need for engaging interventions for older adults with dementia. Dance has been shown to increase feelings of wellbeing, alter behaviors, enhance memory and facilitate social interactions. To investigate whether dance interventions improve behaviors of adults suffering from dementia, research on this topic is necessary. A systematic review of English-language articles published between 1998 and 2016, focusing on the benefits of dance therapy with memory-impaired adults suffering from dementia, was conducted. Because of the limited number of sources, the search criteria included a seminal article published in 1998. Sixty-seven articles were assessed for eligibility through full review. For the purpose of this thesis, five articles met inclusion criteria. Upon review, the following information was found: dance encourages social interactions and physical exercise. Dance is an engaging activity for older adults with dementia, encouraging individuals to learn new behaviors, and improves implicit memory. Additionally, unlike other forms of exercise, dance promotes a strong connection between mind and body. Though the literature reflects remarkable consistency suggesting dance therapy is beneficial for older adults with dementia, future research exploring this area is important to nursing.
    • Birthing Positions And Perineal Trauma: A Systematic Review Of The Literature

      Delis, Pamela; Newton, Emily (2018-01-01)
      Lacerations and episiotomies can cause discomfort and extreme pain to new mothers. This can affect their ability to care for their newborn. Research has recently delved into the topic of perineal trauma. There are several risk factors associated with perineal trauma during birth. The effect of different birthing positions is still unclear. The purpose of this study is to explore birthing positions and perineal outcomes. A systematic review of the literature is proposed of available scholarly, peer reviewed published studies between years 2012-2017. Findings from this study will help inform how birthing positions can reduce perineal trauma. Implications of this study can help inform nursing care practices while caring for women experience labor and birth.
    • Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infection Reduction: Using Evidence to Inform Practice

      Ebersole, Nancy; Cohen, Christopher (2021-05-01)
      Central line-associated bloodstream infections or CLABSIs cause major life-threatening illnesses that have a high prevalence rate within our healthcare industry today. CLABSIs not only cause potentially fatal consequences for patients, but also cost hospitals a substantial amount of money to treat these infections. CLABSIs can result from not only the insertion of the central line from a healthcare provider, but also in the central line care by nursing staff. Therefore, hospitals have implemented standardized "bundles" for central lines to try to reduce the overall amount of CLABSIs. However, many hospitals are not seeing a significant decrease in the number of infections from the time that they adopted these practices. A systematic review of literature was conducted using the CINAHL Plus database to investigate the efforts of trying to reduce the overall occurrence of CLABSIs and the success rates of these practices. Major themes include the implementation of bundles for central lines are not being consistently applied by those working at the bedside. Inconsistency with the implementation of bundles of care for central lines can be attributed to incomplete knowledge of what needs to be done; while the presence of written policies do not ensure policy compliance. Nurses are at the frontline to ensure patient safety and reducing patient risk for acquiring CLABSIs. It is important that nurses identify the barriers to compliance and collaborate to create effective strategies to promote patient safety and lower the overall occurrence of these life-threatening infections.
    • Communication Techniques Used by Medical and Surgical Nurses to Communicate with Patients with Alzheimer's Disease

      Frost, Marion; Mathieu, Chelsea (2014-05-17)
      Through the process of a literature review and an online survey of medical and surgical nurses currently working in the hospital environment, this study investigates “Techniques Used by Medical and Surgical Nurses to Communicate with Patients with Alzheimer’s Disease.” The literature review covers current research explaining how Alzheimer’s disease affects a person’s ability to verbally communicate and ability to understand verbal communication. The research also covers the most effective communication techniques to utilize when communicating with a person with Alzheimer’s disease. Nurses in the medical and surgical fields have been given an online survey which includes demographic information, scenarios, and various communication techniques that could be implemented when talking to someone with Alzheimer’s disease. The information from the online survey has been analyzed for trends to show if nurses are using the proper techniques when communicating or if they are following the misconceptions. This study contributes to an area of research that is lacking information, as well as explores if medical and surgical nurses are communicating effectively with an ever growing population of patients with Alzheimer’s disease.
    • Current Range Of Treatments And Therapies In Children And Adolescents Diagnosed With ADHD; A Systematic Review Of The Literature

      Campbell, Charlene; MacLeod, Cameron (2018-01-01)
      Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a disorder that affects many children and adolescents in the United States. ADHD is associated with inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity that usually starts during childhood and can last throughout life. The objective was to compile and synthesize the data on the many treatments available and gain insight from the results. This review of the literature examines research studies pertaining to the different therapies and the effects on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder with a focus on children and adolescents. It is the hope that in looking at a broad range of therapies we can work towards a future goal of better individualized treatment outcomes without a major reliance on pharmaceuticals.
    • Daily Living in Young Adults with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (EDS)

      Leger, Robin; Hollohan, Marjorie (2018-01-01)
      Background and Significance: Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome (EDS) is a rare, genetic connective tissue disorder that effects the production of collagen in the body, resulting in chronic pain, hypermobility and the need for many medical interventions. There is often a delay in diagnosis into adolescence or young adult life due to variability in multi-organ symptoms and their severity leading to misdiagnosis and uncertainty. Connective tissue holds the whole body together and when the collagen in that tissue doesn’t work the way it is supposed to, it can make changes in the way people live their lives. Methods: A qualitative, phenomenological study was conducted to explore what changes this condition can make to a person’s life. 5 women aged 18-22 were interviewed in person or via video chat. These interviews were later transcribed and analyzed. Results: Themes that emerged from the data were pain limiting daily tasks, the invisibility of the disease, and uncertainty about future of the condition.
    • Depression and Mental Health Awareness Regarding Adololescents Within the Primary Health Care Setting: Study Protocol

      Fraley, Hannah; Visconti, Andrew (2015-05-01)
      Background: Depression is a serious illness, warranting adequate access to care and treatment among adolescents. The aim of this study was to further understand college students’ perception of mental illness and perceived parental views regarding mental health disorders. Methods: Ethnicity and fields of study were analyzed to note any significance amongst the groups. Convenience sampling was used, targeting participants’ ages 18-25 years at Salem State University. Using mixed methods methodology, participants was asked to conduct a survey questionnaire. Survey questions were geared towards participant perception of depression, and perceptions of parental views on mental illness. Results: A total of 266 anonymous surveys were collected and analyzed to find that the majority of participants’ parental views on education and depression were correct. On the other hand, 25% of surveyors believed that their parents would believe that depression is caused by bad or weak character. As for ethnicity, Asian or Pacific Islander (50%), Hispanic or Latinos (35%), and Black or African American (36%) were more likely to think that their parents would believe that depression is caused by bad or weak character. As for fields of study, non-science majors were more likely to have stigmatizing beliefs in regards to depression. Conclusion: Further education on depression knowledge should be acknowledged in the school system, media, and more importantly; our health care system. Increased and more in-depth screenings for adolescent depression should be seen by the primary health care provider in order to decrease the number of untreated depression cases. For future studies, a more in-depth survey should be distributed with a larger sample size to increase the numbers in diversity.
    • Does Maternal Breastfeeding Have Positive Long-Term Effects on Neurocognitive Development?

      Adee, Kathleen; Anonymous (2019-05-01)
      This study comprised a systematic review of literature based on the, long-term benefits of maternal breastfeeding on neurocognitive development in children. The immediate known benefits of breastfeeding are well documented throughout numerous research studies such as nutritional benefits and immunological growth. However, there are limited studies on the long-term effects of maternal breast feeding. The purpose of this research is to review literature on the long-term effects of maternal breastfeeding on neurocognitive development in children, specifically focusing on intelligence and language development. A total of 10 articles met the inclusion criteria and were used for this literature review. Among the different studies, the ages that were assessed are from the first year of life throughout 15 years of life. A positive impact is suggested after reviewing the research, but it only has a minor impact when being compared to children who were either formula fed or fed for shorter durations. The research reviewed shows positive effects on intelligence and language among children as old as 15 but due to the lack of existing literature, long-term benefits of neurocognitive development into adulthood could not be assessed.
    • Easing the Emotional Burden of Families When a Child Has Cancer: The Application of Evidence to Nursing Practice

      Ebersole, Nancy; Aliberti, Mary (2021-05-01)
      The nurse’s role in caring for a child with cancer has its challenges, but when done correctly can positively affect the well-being of a patient and their family. Both the patient and family go through major psychosocial shifts from the time that the child receives the diagnosis of cancer. This time of considerable transition can leave families feeling lost during an already uncertain period. Keeping patients and family members involved throughout the course of treatment is essential for the success of effective care. The database CINAHL Plus was used to do a systematic review of the literature to identify common issues in pediatric oncology nursing practice and the toll that this can take on patients and their family’s mental well-being. Common themes identified in the literature are family members are in different developmental stages and each requires a unique approach; caregiver knowledge or lack thereof is a major factor in family well-being; and a child’s ability to communicate and be heard impacts how the need for care is perceived and provided. This is an important topic because nurses must consider the psychosocial needs of the family unit as well the physical needs when it comes to providing optimal care. Dealing with a diagnosis as harmful as cancer is a considerable amount of stress to be put on a young child and the family. Knowledge of what is currently known will lead to more effective communication with patients and family members, resulting in greater health outcomes.
    • Education Needs of Adults Living with Sickle Cell Disease in the U.S. and Jamaica

      Leger, Robin; Jordan, Kyle (2016-05-01)
      Purpose: To identify psychosocial and physiological components of sickle cell disease (SCD) health promotion to be included in patient and family education materials provided to an adult living with SCD for the promotion of wellness and reduction in complications of the disease. Background and significance: SCD occurs in approximately one in five hundred Jamaican born people and about 0.49 out of 1000 in America and results in intense pain episodes, and multi­organ failure (Knight-Madden, 2011). The role of the nurse and other healthcare providers as well as community based organizations in patient education is critical for promotion of quality of life. Tannahill (2009) argues that "fostering of empowering attributes such as resilience, self­esteem, confidence and lifeskills" also falls under the realm of education. Methods: A combination of telephone and written questionnaires were completed by nurse experts caring for patients with SCD in the U.S. and Jamaica, as well as executive board members of community based organizations for the support of community members living with SCD and their families. Discussion: There is a consensus that individuals with SCD are not adequately educated about the condition and its implications. Respondents recommended that those living with SCD be taught about basic physiology of the disease, family planning, early signs of complications, and exacerbating factors. Furthermore, each respondent explored barriers to effective educational interventions as well as methods of enhancing the quality and effectiveness of these interactions. This information can be used to develop effective educational materials for improving health outcomes.
    • Effective Communication in Nursing: Is it Necessary to Know your own Sociological Bias?

      Campbell, Charlene; Rauseo, Megan Marie (2016-05-01)
      Through a discussion of the nursing literature and sociological theory, this Commonwealth Honors Thesis aims to answer the question; Is it necessary to know your own sociological bias in nurse to nurse communication. The focus begins with the qualifications of effective communication as a concept and then applies that specifically to communication between nurses. In addition, the discussion focuses on the topic of awareness vs. unawareness of sociological bias. The discussion includes passages and inclusion of nine pieces of nursing literature, including articles, books, and textbooks. Through out the researched literature connections were made between sociology and nursing. The result showed that is it absolutely necessary to be self aware of sociological bias in nurse to nurse communication.
    • Effective Non-Pharmacological Pain Relief Interventions For Pediatric Patients: A Systematic Review Of The Literature

      Ebersole, Nancy; Acuna, Ariana (2019-12-01)
      Managing pediatric pain is an important role of the registered nurse. This can be a challenge, as pediatric patients often do not have the ability or the vocabulary to verbalize that they are in pain. Non-pharmacological interventions are important to use as an alternative to pharmacological pain relief because it is safer, cost-effective, and kid-friendly. Non-pharmacological interventions can create a positive hospital experience for both the pediatric patient and the family. The family and patient can carry on this positive experience with and seek medical care in the future with no hesitation. A systematic review of the literature was done using CINAHL to identify effective non-pharmacological pain relief interventions for pediatrics. Criteria for inclusion in this study were: peer reviewed articles, full text, English, and the journal subsets: nursing/core nursing. The results of the studies demonstrated that distraction interventions which stimulated the auditory and visual sense were the most effective in relieving pediatric pain. These included play, dancing, music, animated cartoons, and blowing bubbles. Parental involvement in these non-pharmacological interventions was also effective. Ineffective non-pharmacological interventions were those that stimulated the olfactory sense. Studies that compared non-pharmacological interventions to pharmacological pain management determined that they were equally as effective. Non-pharmacological pain relief interventions for pediatric patients can provide both short-term and long-term benefits. Providing education to registered nurses on what non-pharmacological pain relief intervention are effective can decrease the use of drugs for pain management.
    • The Effects Of A Safe Sleep Environment And The Reduction Of SIDS

      Moske-Weber, Charlene; Sarwar, Sonia (2019-05-01)
      This research addresses the prevalence of the phenomenon Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Not much is known about the pathophysiology of SIDS, but steps can be taken to help decrease the risk of the disease, yet, it still prevails. The aim of this research will be to look closer into the risk factors for SIDS and its prevalence since the creation of the 1994 public health initiative, the 'Back to Sleep Campaign'. There are many complexities to its prevalence including but not limited to race, culture, education level, income, individual nursing practices, and lack of SIDS policies in hospitals. This research will look closely into these different risk factors and what can be done from a nurse’s stand point. SIDS risk reduction is important to nursing because its reduction is primarily education based. At risk populations are not receiving the proper education on SIDS and its risk reduction. The lack of nursing education with the combination of other risk factors mentioned before creates a complex situation to which a solution is necessary. The research for this paper will be gathered through a systematic review of literature. All articles will be gathered using the nursing database Medline Plus and will include qualitative and quantitative research articles published between 2010-2018. All articles used for this paper will be in English and limited to the age group 'infant, newborn: birth-1 month'.