• Looking Through the Eyes of Primary School Teachers: A Study of How White Teachers Talk About Race

      Leith, Chad; Dunn, Jessica (2014-05-17)
      A study of how White Primary teachers talk about race was conducted. Two different schools districts from Massachusetts were chosen, along with three different teachers from each district that represented a range of different grade levels. One suburban town North of Boston, Massachusetts, was comprised of primarily White students, while one urban city North of Boston, Massachusetts, was primarily composed of a diversified population of students. After conducting a series of interviews with teachers from each representative school district, results were analyzed to conclude two different teaching strategies used by White teachers when talking about race - a proactive teaching approach and a reactive teaching approach. Both of these teaching approaches proved to be important for all teachers to employ in order to be able to respond to their students' questions about race, as well as appropriately plan different lessons and units that highlight this important topic that impacts the lives of students throughout the United States.
    • Communication Techniques Used by Medical and Surgical Nurses to Communicate with Patients with Alzheimer's Disease

      Frost, Marion; Mathieu, Chelsea (2014-05-17)
      Through the process of a literature review and an online survey of medical and surgical nurses currently working in the hospital environment, this study investigates “Techniques Used by Medical and Surgical Nurses to Communicate with Patients with Alzheimer’s Disease.” The literature review covers current research explaining how Alzheimer’s disease affects a person’s ability to verbally communicate and ability to understand verbal communication. The research also covers the most effective communication techniques to utilize when communicating with a person with Alzheimer’s disease. Nurses in the medical and surgical fields have been given an online survey which includes demographic information, scenarios, and various communication techniques that could be implemented when talking to someone with Alzheimer’s disease. The information from the online survey has been analyzed for trends to show if nurses are using the proper techniques when communicating or if they are following the misconceptions. This study contributes to an area of research that is lacking information, as well as explores if medical and surgical nurses are communicating effectively with an ever growing population of patients with Alzheimer’s disease.
    • The Screen Door: A Collection of Poetry

      Carey, Kevin; Connolly, Felicia (2014-05-17)
      The following is the result of one semester’s work of crafting poetry under my advisor, Professor Kevin Carey. Though the bulk of the work took place under his guidance in this short period of time, the screen door, my forty-three page collection of poetry, has been long in the making. My undergraduate career exposed me to the soft and alluring voice of January O’Neil, the gentle nature of Rod Kessler, the experienced mind of JD Scrimgeour and of course the honesty and rawness of Kevin Carey’s work. I have learned from each poet countless skills and lessons that transcend my study in poetry. This work is a representation of my journey under their guidance.
    • Literature Review of Kennedy Terminal Ulcers: Identification, Diagnosis, Nursing Goals, and Interventions

      Hills, Donna; Vera, Rachel (2014-05-17)
      Although not greatly researched, the paucity of available literature theorizes that Kennedy Terminal Ulcers (KTUs) are clinical indications of skin failure. Through a review of the literature, the topics of: (1) methods of KTU identification, (2) how to make a proper nursing diagnosis, and (3) suggested nursing interventions will be discussed. Included in this literature review are anecdotal articles written by experienced healthcare professionals working in the hospice and palliative care fields. Case studies which focus on the development and treatment of KTUs incurred by end-of-life patients receiving hospice or palliative care services are also presented. The available literature corroborates that there are five characteristic wound criteria that serve to identify and diagnose KTUs. Though clinical professionals have different approaches on how to treat KTUs, the current literature concurs that nursing interventions should include: adequate pain control, hemorrhage prophylaxis, effective wound dressings, exudate management, infection prophylaxis, effective debridement methods, and odor control. Limitations encountered by the clinicians studying the development and treatment of KTUs include ethical dilemmas (i.e. inducing patient fatigue, inflicting emotional distress, or occupying the patient's valuable time as they approach end of life) and limited awareness of the existence of KTUs. Further research is needed to raise awareness of the existence of KTUs and how they are indicative of skin failure, for they must be identified, diagnosed, and treated accordingly so nurses are able to better advocate for the patient and ensure quality comfort care is provided as the patient approaches end of life.
    • Does Paper Presentation Affect Grading: Examining the Possible Educational Repercussions of the Quality of Student Penmanship

      Pomerantz, Francesca; Morris, Kathryn J. (2014-05-17)
      Based upon personal experience, upon being returned a graded, handwritten assignment, teachers will often extend compliments to those students who wrote in neat, legible handwriting, refraining from alluding to the quality of the content during this exchange. With these concepts in mind, the author elected to determine whether or not the presentation of handwritten assignments has any effect on a teacher’s ability to grade objectively, if, perhaps, teachers are allowing their students’ penmanship to sway their interpretation of a paper’s content. In order to discover the validity of these concerns, a thorough literary analysis was conducted with the following questions in mind: Does the quality of one’s penmanship influence grading? What are the evolving conceptions regarding the importance of handwriting and how have they affected the quality of students’ penmanship? How can teachers implement a consistent and effective handwriting education? Should students be encouraged to submit their work in a typed format in the attempt to avoid this possible bias? The results of the study were that, when presented with assignments written in varying degrees of neatness, teachers are allowing factors other than the content of the writing to affect their ability to grade impartially. While this paper supports the need for a consistent and effective handwriting education in order to improve overall handwriting legibility, it also suggests that those schools with the means should encourage all students to submit their work in a typed manner, thus presenting the information uniformly so as to potentially eliminate this bias.
    • A Journal of the "Resume Adder" Application

      Kasprzyk, Joseph; Schultz, Jackson (2014-05-17)
      The computer science programming process has many different elements. From the software development life cycle, to the hands on implementation, to providing the user with the results they are looking for, the procedure has to not on complex, but precise. There have been many different writings related to the SDLC, but this document details the process that I used to design my application for user operation.
    • Analysis of Wheatgrass Endophytes

      MacTaylor, Christine; Clapp, Kimberly (2014-05-17)
      Endophytes are of particular medical interest due to their production of antibiotics. Wheatgrass endophytes were analyzed using a combination of MIC, Gel electrophoresis, GCMS, and TLC. Cultures were successfully grown in gel agarose plates and in sabouraud dextrose broth. All colonies were observed using a dissection microscope. Colonies from the white samples seen on the seed (sabouraud dextrose agar), leaf (sabouraud dextrose agar), seed (coffee agar) and seed (agar) plates were gram stained, with gram negative rods were observed in all samples. Gram positive cocci we observed in the seed (agar) plate. Presence of a long chain methyl ester was observed from the GCMS analysis of samples extracted in methanol. An inhibitory effect was observed on the growth of E. coli and S. aureus after inoculating methanol extracted samples in broth.
    • The Cost of Commercials: An Analysis of Electronic Media and the Reinforcement of Gender Roles

      Leong, Pamela; Winter, Tyler (2014-05-17)
      The one social problem that has always captivated my attention as a student of Sociology is the problem of gender inequality. Now if you were to speak to most people, they may tell you that gender inequality is a moot point because our society has advanced and women have many of the same opportunities as men do. While this may be true, the idea that gender inequality is nonexistent in this day and age is a laughable idea. I chose to research this topic to show the general public that gender inequality still exists in many forms and we still have a long way to go in order to reach true equality of gender. It is my hypothesis that television commercials reinforce gender roles and socialize our society to accept and believe that men and women must perform and live in different and separate roles. My methodology in undertaking this research project was a content analysis approach. First, I wanted to find one male centric channel and one female centric channel in order to see the difference in commercials between the two. I chose two cable television networks that had the highest viewership demographics for both men and women respectively. After researching, I discovered that Lifetime had on average a 75% female viewership overall (highest of all cable channels) and Spike TV had on average a 70% male viewership overall (highest outside of sports specific channels). After finding these two channels, I watched 3 hours of prime time programming for each channel and recorded and analyzed every commercial that I saw. My findings allow me to conclude that there is a correlation between television commercials and the reinforcement of gender roles.
    • Art Driven by Adventure

      Demarjian, Haig; Burke, Erin M. (2014-05-17)
      Diana Vreeland, a famous editor for Vogue Magazine said that "the eye has to travel." I think that this is timelessly true. Travel is an integral part of being a modern creative human. Through travel there comes an opening of the eyes, an expanding of the heart and a refreshing of the soul. Travel exposes our creative minds to new experiences and those experiences are what make each one of us successful and unique as human beings. Each one of us holds infinite creative potential. The ability to create is a very human process that arises out of personal reactions to our life experiences. The art-making process allows our interpretations to take form, captures and moment in time and adds a new piece to the puzzle that is our world. From that piece of art other people will gain a new perspective on our world, and experience their own reaction. Personally, traveling has given rise to a fascination with "place" and what it means to "journey" and how these unique types of experiences have influenced my artwork. In this thesis project, I have examined those journeys that have most heavily influenced my creative process. I explore the idea of travel and examine how a seven week cross country road trip and my study abroad experience helped to broaden my artistic productivity and deepen my connection to my self as a creative being. Also part of my thesis work was the development of an artists website as a non-physical platform, untied to any particular place, where I can organize curate and collect my work. The website can currently be found here: erinburkeart.weebly.com
    • Through the Eyes of Beauty: An Examination of Classic Beauty in the United States in the 1920's to the Present

      Jaros, Michael; Giannino, Jessica (2014-05-17)
      Beauty is a key element of culture. Every culture has its own ideas and views of what is considered beautiful. These ideas come from inspirational figures of the time or what is portrayed in art or in the media as idealistic. In the United States, trends in beauty are always changing, but history always repeats itself. Elements of cosmetics become trendy, lose their edge and are reborn into the industry decades later. Often we see looks from the past becoming a part of trend again. How do elements of classic beauty continue to reoccur in trend? How can these classic trends be kept original, yet altered? As an artist, this matters because to understand current trends in beauty, you need to understand the past. This project is an examination of looks in makeup trend from the 1920's to the present. Different cosmetic mediums were used to create looks that define the standard for what the ideal of beauty was in trend. Each decade will be examined closely to see what specifically stood out. There will be a series of 10 photographs that showcase makeup that has features of each decade, but would be trendy and wearable for the average woman today. These serve as examples of how classic looks can be replicated to create current trends for everyday wear and show what elements of beauty from vintage looks remain a part of our culture.
    • A Literature Review of the Onset of Social Media and its Effect on HIPPA Violations

      Magazzu, Tammi; Bogosian, Jamie (2014-05-17)
      Social media has become increasingly popular in the United States and is accessed daily. It consists of different websites such as Facebook and Twitter. Access to these websites is easy and fast, allowing users to frequently network. In many situations, social media can be utilized in a positive manner. However, in fields such as nursing, social media can be detrimental. The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, HIPAA, provides specific and strict regulations regarding the use of social media in the medical field. Breaching patient confidentiality can jeopardize a nurse’s job and future career. With the onset of social media, HIPAA violations have increased. This thesis will provide a literature review of social media and its onset, and how it affected HIPAA. I will show how these websites have caused more violations of HIPAA, and provide interventions and suggestions to decrease the violations. Specific methods will be included to show how the problem can be fixed. In addition, a brief history of social media will be provided to illustrate how it is extremely prevalent.
    • Effective Instructional Practices in the Inclusive Classroom

      Wiersma, Geertje E.; Gallo, Bianca (2014-05-17)
      The Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) requires that children with disabilities are educated in the "least restrictive environment appropriate” to meet their “unique needs.”-- otherwise known as an inclusive setting. How do teacher attitudes and practices correlate with effective inclusive education? Studies show that if a teacher gives students higher expectations, they are more likely to perform to higher standards. Thus, by giving a student with disabilities the opportunity to be included in a general education classroom, they are usually held to a higher standard. However, whether this motivates or discourages the student is then based on the teacher’s attitude and school’s resources. In this qualitative study, 61 hours were spent observing two second grade classrooms in the same town, but at schools with different demographics. One of the schools contained students primarily from lower socio-economic backgrounds, while the other school contained students who were predominately middle class. Data was recorded in a chart that contained instructional practices in inclusion classrooms. The results show that teacher attitudes and practices differed significantly in the two classrooms observed in that positive teacher attitudes and use of encouraging language, effective socialization, support services, and balanced exposure to flexible grouping strategies—all key factors for effective inclusive education, were much more prominent in one of the two classrooms observed. Future research should be conducted over a greater period of time and in a greater variety of classrooms for more accurate results.
    • A Literature Review of the Negative Impact of Dementia on the Nutritional Status of Hospitalized Elderly Patients

      Frost, Marion; Geary, Jennifer (2014-05-17)
      Dementia is a progressive psychological disorder in the elderly population that leads to cognitive impairment and can have an impact on many areas of their life, especially nutrition. It is very common to see hospitalized dementia patients not receiving proper nutrition because they are unable to feed themselves, and often are not provided with the help they need. Nutrition is often a topic that is overlooked in the hospital setting because of the narrow focus on the patient’s diagnosis that caused their admission. Dementia is also a disease that may not be diagnosed until it has progressed to later stages, with the person suffering for many years before interventions take place. This is a very important issue in nursing because malnutrition can lead to further illness and a delay of healing in the elderly, leading to prolonged hospital stays, readmissions, and reoccurring health problems in these patients. This thesis will be a review of medical and nursing journals that look at the impact of dementia on proper nutrition in the hospitalized patients and the different nursing interventions that are used to improve nutrition in these patients. I will also make suggestions for changes in these nursing interventions to improve their effectiveness. A review of the epidemiology of dementia and nutrition requirements of the elderly person will also be included in this thesis.
    • A Closer Look at How Children's Choice Book Award Programs Motivate Upper Elementary Students to Read

      Pierce, Michelle; Raynes, Ashley H. (2014-05-17)
      The purpose of my thesis was to learn more about children's choice book award programs such as the Massachusetts Children's Book Award Program (sponsored by SSU). Specifically, I wanted to know what prior research tells us about the impact of children's choice award programs and children's motivation to read, children's reasons for participating in such a program, and children's strategies for selecting books and deciding on a favorite. I completed a review of literature to see what past research has found about the effectiveness of children's choice award programs and their motivation to read. Through a survey completed by seventeen 4th and 5th graders who participated in the 2013-2014 MCBA program, I was able to find answers to support prior research done on the effectiveness of children's choice award programs as well as raise questions for further research.
    • Technical Director of "A Servant of Two Masters"

      Morris, Christopher; Blackbird, Casey Leone (2014-05-17)
      The process and responsibilities involved in being the technical director in a theatre production, from pre-production to post-production. An online portfolio will also be created to include both A Servant of Two Masters, which the project is to be based on, and previous roles in productions that I find to be appropriate. The purpose of the portfolio is to take what I've learned in school and to apply it to a means that will help in my future career path.
    • Shameless: An Examination of Addiction and Alcoholism in the Family

      Amato, Phil; Carreiro, Bianca Andrade (2014-05-17)
      The principle objective of this paper is to examine the effects of alcoholism and addiction on the family system through the analysis of a fictional family, the Gallaghers from Shameless. To explore the role of alcoholism and addiction in the family, this paper analyzes the family system through resilience, happiness, and family intervention. Because alcoholism and addiction are stigmatized in the media, people suffering from these two diseases have been dehumanized. The producers of Shameless have the opportunity to create a television series that accurately portrays alcohoism and addiction and the effects it has on families. A realistic depiction of alcoholism and addiction impacts the audience's perception of the two diseases.
    • Parents' Perception of Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) and Hope for Their Child Living with Plagiocephaly: A Case Series

      Leger, Robin; Durgin, Gabrielle (2014-05-17)
      Purpose: To examine Positional Plagiocephaly and its relationship to the parents’ perception of the quality of life (QOL) and hope for the future of their child. Study Design and Methods: For the purpose of this honors thesis, a descriptive case series with parent interviews of their experience with infants and toddlers with Positional Plagiocephaly was conducted. In addition, themes from parental postings from a web-based social network for parents of children treated for Positional Plagiocephaly were constructed. Results: A convenience sample of three cases with six parents and themes from the social network were obtained. Two of the case studies were family members and the third case study was a friend of a colleague. Posts made by parents from three pages on a social network were obtained. Consent was obtained prior to the start of the interviews. This project was accepted by the Institutional Review Board (IRB) at Salem State University. The student researcher also completed the Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative (human subject training). This research demonstrated that larger case series are needed to look at the long term effects of this diagnosis. Both qualitative and quantitative studies on the nurse’s role, health- related quality of life (HRQOL), and hope measures need to be conducted. This research may also help nurses and other medical personnel address issues that parents who have a child with Positional Plagiocephaly are concerned about.
    • The Disappeared Children of El Salvador's Civil War: The Search for Identity and Truth

      McAndrews, Robert; Frias, Flor (2014-05-17)
      This thesis focuses on the adopted children of El Salvador, who were taken from their parents at a young age and adopted by parents in the United States. This was due to a civil war that happened in El Salvador during the 1970’s. By looking at identity formation, acculturation, attachment theory, and social learning theory, it searches for an understanding of the different psychological effects that these children could have suffered. The book “How the Garcia Girls Lost Their Accents” is used in this thesis to compare how the Garcia girls and the adopted children from El Salvador both went through similar situations while adapting to their new environments.
    • An Analysis of Cycling Infrastructure and Cycling Activity

      Luna, Marcos; Gilroy, Nicholas (2014-05-17)
      Over the last decade, the City of Salem, Massachusetts has made significant investments in infrastructure to support cycling in the City, such as the construction of new bike lanes and cycle paths. To what extent do these investments meet the actual activities and needs of cyclists? What routes do cyclists commonly use? To better understand cyclists' usage of roads in the City of Salem, this research will analyze user-populated information from Strava, a mobile application that records a user's coordinates as they cycle through Salem. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) will be used to analyze and create maps that highlight the aggregate habits of cyclists in Salem and compare those to cycling infrastructure, and public safety. This information can be used to help guide cycling growth and investment in the City of Salem. The research and analysis is valuable for demonstrating the true impact and usage of cyclists on roads in Salem.
    • Kathleen Clarke: Connecting the Competing Definitions of Women's Identity in Irish Nationalism

      Shea, Margo; Reilly, Kathleen (2014-05-17)
      The modern nationalist movement (1916-1936) presented a contradiction for Irish women. On the one hand, they were being called to perform their responsibilities as citizens by extending their patriotism outside the home and taking a more active role in the fate of their country. On the other, Irish nationalism relied heavily on tradition; women were generally seen as the keepers of that tradition. Nationalist women struggled to respond to the competing responsibilities of their traditional domestic role and the emerging roles as citizens in a new nation. This paper examines Kathleen Clarke as a case study in how nationalist Irishwomen balanced their responsibilities as citizens in the new nation with their traditional roles as wives and mothers. Kathleen Clarke was the wife of one of the executed leaders of the Easter Rising and the sister of another. She was very involved in the nationalist movement and in Irish politics. After the Rising, she was left as a single mother of three small boys while also managing a fund for the dependents of imprisoned rebels. She eventually became a senator and then the first female Lord Mayor of Dublin. In her struggles to balance responsibilities in both the domestic and public spheres of her life, Kathleen Clarke embodied the ways that the new nation simultaneously created and restricted personal, cultural and political opportunities for women in Ireland after independence.