Recent Submissions

  • Browsing in Disequilibrium: How Media Behaviors are Influenced by Excess and Deficit

    Jacobs, Kenneth; Klapak, Brian (2023-05)
    The widespread use of smartphones has made it easier to browse the internet and consume various forms of media, including videos and advertisements. This study aimed to investigate the effects of restricting video access while increasing exposure to advertisements. Specifically, we examined whether participants would watch fewer videos when exposed to more advertisements and whether they would tolerate more ads to gain additional video-watching time. We recruited four students from Salem State University to participate in an experiment designed to manipulate their video and advertisement viewing behavior. Baseline levels of advertisement and video viewing behaviors were measured to create two conditions of disequilibrium: Deficit and Excess. Deficit conditions restricted access to videos while Excess conditions bombarded participants with more advertisements than they viewed during baseline. The results demonstrated that disequilibrium could alter participants' media consumption habits by increasing or decreasing time spent watching advertisements and videos. The current study also examined the nature of “browsing” during disequilibrium. Noncontingent browsing was available to determine whether or not participants would engage in this alternative behavior during disequilibrium conditions. Lastly, the current study highlights the ethical implications of disequilibrium, as companies could potentially exploit it for profit.
  • Practical Application of Behavior Analysis with Wild Animals in a Sanctuary Setting

    Jacobs, Kenneth; Anckner, Christine (2023-05)
    While applied behavior analysis (ABA) is associated with human services, there is a historical basis for applying behavior analytic principles and procedures to the behaviors of domestic and wild animals. Recent research indicates that there are already procedural similarities between the work of applied behavior analysts and animal behavior professionals. A pronounced difference, however, is the absence of behavioral data collected in zoological settings. Caretakers report that they understand the importance of data collection but cite a lack of time and financial resources as barriers. This study explored alternative data collection methods at an educational wolf sanctuary using visitor collected data. Visitors were asked to collect data on either one or two animal behaviors during a 50-minute presentation. Interobserver agreement was calculated to determine whether visitors could collect data in agreement with an independent observer. Results indicated that visitor collected data was within the acceptable range of agreement. Additionally, Q methodology was used to measure visitor beliefs about captive wildlife before and after attending an educational presentation with captive gray wolves present. Results indicated that while visitor beliefs varied from pre- to post-sort, these changes were not statistically significant.
  • Garden Rememory In My Garden (Book) By Jamaica Kincaid

    Valens, Keja; Wright, Heather (2022-12)
    My Garden (Book) is a collection of essays by Jamica Kincaid. In My Garden (Book) rememory is part of the storytelling and the overall narrative structure. Rememory appears as a recursive happening that allows Kincaid space to return to the historical record to offer recovery. Rememory is present in Kincaid's connection to Antiguan botany and a past that flourishes in the modern present; it exists as a bridge upon which much of the western African diaspora flows. Rememory is also present in the narrative structure of My Garden (Book). Kincaid shakes up the expectations of a narrative form; she breaks sentence structure with thought interruptions, jumps through time and place, inserts lists, and letters, and disrupts categorization and order, such as chapter titles. Rememory becomes an active agent in the narrative storytelling of the garden, excavates otherwise forgotten narratives, and demands a change in thinking, form, and the historical record.
  • A Guide To Embracing The Multicultural Classroom As A White Educator In Boston

    Girard, Jill; Grimes, Catherine
    Effective teaching goes beyond strong lesson plans and curriculum. It’s important for educators to have a deeper understanding of a student’s culture to maximize learning. This project explores culture, specifically the diverse cultures in a classroom. It serves as a guide for white educators to effectively teach students of diverse cultures in a classroom, with special attention to the students within Boston Public Schools. This project provides strategies and resources for an evolving, necessary topic of cultural responsiveness of white educators in the field of elementary education, specifically in Boston. The layout of this project is a guide. The guide can be read on this document or through a website to accommodate accessibility. This guide draws on research from different reputable sources within the education field, primarily Zaretta Hammond’s book, Culturally Responsive Teaching and the Brain. Through my research, I have been able to intake and organize a guide of approaches with supporting resources for white educators with discussion of culture and Boston Public School statistics.
  • Whitman Travels: Expectations Vs Reality

    Boardman, Phoenix; Bohm, Cinnamon; Libby, Alicia; Mager, Amanda; Pena, Ashley (2020)
    Zine created by students in IDS 333A and explores the expectations that a traveler has of their destination locale versus the reality of the lived experience. This is explored through the lens of Walter Whitman, a professor at Salem State College in the early 20th century, and current study abroad students. Comparisions are made through architecture, burials, clothing, festivals, and transportation. Zine uses archival material from the Whitman Collection at Salem State University Archives and Special Collections.
  • Water We Doing To Our Planet?

    Rochlin, Theo; Valatka, Jeremy; Gutierrez, Jaiden (2021)
    Zine created by ENG 110 students on the topic of water pollution. Zine discusses what black carbon is, why we should care, how we can help, how to secure safe drinking water, and other environmental issues affecting our planet. Works cited included.
  • What Is White Privilege

    Flynn, Dan (2023)
    The zine of White Privilege describes the privilege of white Christian men and the difficulty of black men and women. It starts back from slavery. Then it goes on to describe land opportunity for white men, but the opportunity for other races and gender have more of a struggle to succeed. Women's Suffrage and the Combahee River Collection describes what they have for "freedom" in America including race and gender. In the current days of America, it still includes violence and discrimination to people of other races and genders. A white man can have difficulties to succeed, but there are not as many obstacles that other races have.
  • When I Poop, You Must Scoop!!

    Bissel, Madison (2022)
    Dog waste is an environmental pollutant & a human health hazard. 8 billion pounds of dog poop are left on the ground each year. Just on gram of dog poop contains 23 million bacteria. The most serious problem associated with dog waste is the contamination of water ways. When left on the ground it eventually breaks down and wasted into the water supply. The moist environment of dog waste is perfect for flies to lay eggs that become maggots. People can get roundworm from contact with feces.
  • Where We At: Whiteness In Fine Art

    Ericson, Steph; Bell-Paolucci, Garrett; Lapre, Sanji; Fitzpatrick, Amber; Vitale, Nick (2020)
    Created by Neenah Estrella-Luna's SOC 110 course in Spring 2020. Zine highlights a few artists of color that have been excluded from the fine art canon as well as white artists who have created art that was unintentionally offensive to oppressed groups.
  • Whiteness In Law Enforcement

    Donalds, Bill; Crooker-Domey, Jackie; Provencher, Raeanne; Charak, Tim; Reinoso, JC (2020)
    Created by Neenah Estrella-Luna's SOC 110 course in Spring 2020. Zine addresses racial makeup of the U.S. police force, Black Lives Matter movement, The Black Panthers and the Broken Window Theory.
  • The Struggle For Quality Of Life

    Guerrier, Sydney; Moncion, Rey; Wolfe, Ash; Wood, Diana (2020)
    Zine created by Lisa Delissio's BIO 218 course in Spring 2020. "Topics discussed within this zine include: effects of war on the environment, low-income leads to poor nutrition choice, access to healthcare, poor lack of sex education and its effect" (taken from zine abstract).
  • Systemic Racism

    Grupposo, Hannah (2021)
    This zine addresses the issue of systemic racism.
  • Testing Inequalities For COVID-19

    Cora, Delmaris; Field, Courtney; Pfefferle, Lily (2020)
    Created in Neenah Estrella-Luna's SOC 347 course in Spring 2020. Zine addresses the racial and economic disparities in COVID-19 testing. Folx from lower socioeconomic backgrounds are being denied testing and hospital care because they lack insurance or have insurance with a large deductible. These disparities are costing lives while the rich keep getting richer.
  • Voting With COVID-19

    Layton, Cassie (2020)
    Created in Neenah Estrella-Luna's SOC 344 course in Spring 2020. Zine addresses the issue of voting during COVID-19. Entries include absentee voting, voting by mail, and the possibility of the current presidential term being extended.
  • Suffocating On Air...

    D.R.; K.J.; J.B. (2022)
  • Rising Waters: Struggling To Save Our Fish

    Grelle, Jenny; Nichols, Jax; Smagala, David; Naghst, Sevda; Avery (2022)
  • Overlooked And Underprivileged: The Struggles Of People Of Color

    Medrano, Anisha (2020)
    This zine pertains to the opportunity of people of color or the lack of.
  • Reproductive Rights: Justice For Women

    Welch, Kara (2020)
    Zine was created in IDS 232 and addresses reproductive justice for women. Topics include white privilege, gender bias, racism and sexism. Zine looks at seven cultural objects that highlight how women have less rights than men. Bibliography included.
  • Opportunity For People Of Color

    Sanderson, Darren (2020)
    This zine is about how America may not be a "Land of Opportunity" for everyone.

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